3D Printing - Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation

Feb 3, 2015 - AREAS OF APPLICATION: TRENDS AND CASE STUDIES. .... 4.3.3 3D printing for sustainable development in developing countries .
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3D Printing A Qualitative Assessment of Applications, Recent Trends and the Technology’s Future Potential

Laura Bechthold, Veronika Fischer, Andre Hainzlmaier, Daniel Hugenroth, Ljudmila Ivanova, Kristina Kroth, Benedikt Römer, Edyta Sikorska, Vincent Sitzmann

Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem Nr. 17-2015

Center for Digital Technology and Management (CDTM), München

February 2015

Diese Studie wurde im Auftrag der Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) erstellt. Die Ergebnisse und Interpretationen liegen in der alleinigen Verantwortung der durchführenden Institute. Die EFI hat auf die Abfassung des Berichts keinen Einfluss genommen. This study was conducted on behalf of the Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI). The results and interpretations are the sole responsibility of the institute conducting the study. The EFI exercised no influence on the writing of this report.

Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem Nr. 17-2015 ISSN 1613-4338

Publisher: Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) Geschäftsstelle c/o Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft Pariser Platz 6 10117 Berlin http://www.e-fi.de/

Alle Rechte, insbesondere das Recht der Vervielfältigung und Verbreitung sowie die Übersetzung, vorbehalten. Kein Teil des Werkes darf in irgendeiner Form (durch Fotokopie, Mikrofilm oder ein anderes Verfahren) ohne schriftliche Genehmigung der EFI oder der Institute reproduziert oder unter Verwendung elektronischer Systeme gespeichert, verarbeitet, vervielfältigt oder verbreitet werden. All rights, in particular the right to copy and distribute as well as to translate this study, are reserved. No part of the work may be reproduced in any form (by means of photocopy, microfilm or any other process), or using electronic systems be saved, processed, duplicated or distributed, without the written permission of the EFI or of the Institute.

Contact address and further information: Laura Bechthold Center for Digital Technology and Management (CDTM) Arcisstr. 21, D-80333 Munich Tel.: 089 289 28165 Mail: [email protected] www.cdtm.de II

This study was conducted by the Center for Digital Technology and Management (www.cdtm.de), a joint institution of the two universities in Munich, the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) and the Technische Universität München (TUM). CDTM offers the interdisciplinary add-on study program „Technology Management“, which is part of the Elite Network of Bavaria. Students from various study backgrounds with creative ideas, great motivation and an entrepreneurial mindset are offered the tools to put their ideas into practice. The study is partially based on results of the CDTM elective course “3D Printing” in Spring 2014. Therefore, findings of this study are an emergent product of the student’s work and additional research conducted by the main authors.

Main authors Laura Bechthold (CDTM), Study Coordination Veronika Fischer (CDTM) Anne Greul (CDTM) Andre Hainzlmaier (AUDI AG) Daniel Hugenroth (CDTM) Kristina Kroth (CDTM) Ljudmila Ivanova (CDTM) Benedikt Römer (CDTM) Edyta Sikorska (CDTM) Vincent Sitzmann (CDTM)

Additional research was conducted by the following CDTM students: Regina Endres, Benjamin Haller, Daniel Herzog, Pawel Kwiecien, Simina Pasat, Alexander Popp, Alexander Preißner, Sebastian Schaal, Martin Schöll, Jiri Smetana, and Yoana Tsoneva.

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Contents FIGURES AND TABLES ...................................................................................................... VI ABBREVIATIONS ...............................................................................................................VII 0. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................. VIII 1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 1 1.1 3D printing: The next