A Survey of Civil Society Peace Education Programmes in South Asia Anupama Srinivasan
This study was made possible by a grant from the Sir Ratan Tata Trust.
Educational Policy Research Series Volume I Number 2 August 2009
FOREWORD The Educational Policy Research Series is intended to document and disseminate our research into a wider community of educators and educationists. The mission of the Education for Peace Initiative is to teach peace, but educational interventions, however perfectly planned, will not work unless they are informed by an understanding of the structure, functioning, culture, specific needs and context of a given school system. Educational policy research also ensures that our peace work is not isolated from other educational challenges and that we can engage in a sustained way with issues and debates in the field. About this project Starting in August 2008, with grant support from the Sir Ratan Tata Trust, Prajnya commissioned three studies, preparatory to the launch of its Education for Peace Initiative. These studies were intended to prepare the ground for our cornerstone project, Teaching Peace and to form the basis for our future engagement with educational policy issues in specific contexts. Three questions formed the terms of reference for the studies: 1. Who makes educational policy and how is it implemented in Tamil Nadu? 2. Who engages with education and in particular, with peace and conflict resolution education? 3. How do we implement the peace education guidelines in the National Curriculum Framework prepared by NCERT? The first study from this project was published in this series in April 2009, Mapping Educational Policy Structures and Processes in Tamil Nadu. It was envisaged as a map for EPI to navigate, as we enter this labyrinth of powers, functions and resource distribution. About this study The objective of the study at hand, undertaken by Anupama Srinivasan, was to identify civil society organizations and individuals who are working in the area of peace and conflict resolution education and understand the work that they have been doing. We wanted to connect with and locate ourselves within a network of similar enterprises so we could learn from them and share our experiences as we grow. The exercise acquired a life of its own, and the researcher reached out through travel, telephonic conversations and online chats to a large number of actors in the region. We are delighted and confident that we have set in motion a community‐building process that will help us all move in a better‐informed way towards our shared objective of building peace. Education for Peace @ Prajnya
I. SETTING THE CONTEXT
II. PEACE EDUCATION PROGRAMMES IN SOUTH ASIA: WHERE, WHY, WHAT AND HOW?
III. PEACE TALES
IV. THE BIG(GER) PICTURE
APPENDIX 1: MAPPING SELECT PEACE EDUCATION INITIATIVES IN SOUTH ASIA
APPENDIX 2: QUESTIONNAIRE
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This paper surveys the engagement of civil society with peace education in South Asia, specifically focusing on initiatives in the classroom. The main objective of the study was to identify the key players engaged in peace education efforts and describe the nature of their interventions, thereby beginning to construct the story of peace education in the region. In‐depth interviews with peace educators and organisations were the primary source of data for this study. A limitation of this study was the reliance