An introduction And model prActices for HiV/sti preVention progrAmming

model practices for HIV/STI prevention programming. ... Task Force, The Fenway Institute at Fenway Community Health and all those ...... detail.php?id=3827.
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bisexual health An introduction and model practices for HIV/STI prevention programming

by Marshall Miller, Amy André, Julie Ebin and Leona Bessonova

Cover photo: Kuwaza Imara, RN, Highland Hospital Emergency Room, Lavender Caucus SEIU 616 (Service Employees International Union), co-founder 3x3 Bisexual People of Color, 1989

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute The Fenway Institute at Fenway Community Health BiNet USA

BISEXUAL HEALTH

The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute is a think tank dedicated to research, policy analysis and strategy development to advance greater understanding and equality for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Washington, DC

Cambridge, MA

1325 Massachusetts Ave NW, Suite 600 Washington, DC 20005-4171 Tel 202 393 5177 Fax 202 393 2241

1151 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138 Tel 617 492 6393 Fax 617 492 0175

New York, NY

Miami, FL

80 Maiden Lane, Suite 1504 New York, NY 10038 Tel 212 604 9830 Fax 212 604 9831

3510 Biscayne Blvd Suite 206 Miami, FL 33137 Tel 305 571 1924 Fax 305 571 7298

Los Angeles, CA

Minneapolis, MN

8704 Santa Monica Blvd, Suite 200 West Hollywood, CA 90069 Tel 310 855 7380 Fax 310 358 9415

810 West 31st Street Minneapolis, MN 55408 Tel/Fax 612 821 4397

[email protected]

www.theTaskForce.org

The Fenway Institute Fenway Community Health 7 Haviland Street Boston, MA 02115 617-927-6400 www.thefenwayinstitute.org

BiNet USA 4201 Wilson Blvd. #110-311 Arlington, VA 22203-1859 1-800-585-9368 [email protected] www.binetusa.org

© 2007 The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute When referencing this document, we recommend the following citation: Miller, M., André, A., Ebin, J., and Bessonova, L. (2007). Bisexual health: An introduction and model practices for HIV/STI prevention programming. New York: National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Policy Institute, the Fenway Institute at Fenway Community Health, and BiNet USA. ii

This publication is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Fritz Klein [1933-2006]. Dr. Klein was one of the first people to research bisexuality in the United States. He established the credibility of research on bisexuality, fostered international networking and generously supported grassroots organizing among bisexuals. He was also the founding editor of the Journal of Bisexuality and founder of the American Institute of Bisexuality.

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BISEXUAL HEALTH

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contents foreword

vii

executive summary

1

introduction and literature review

8

Timeline: The Bisexual Health Movement in the US

10

What is bisexuality?

10

Who is a bisexual person?

11

What does it mean to have, or be open to having, sex with partners of a same or different gender?

13

Theories describing bisexuality

14

Gender, sex and bisexuality

15

Race, ethnicity and bisexuality

17

Biphobia, bi-invisibility and health

23

Bisexual youth

29

Why focus on bisexual health?

30

Bisexuality and social science research

32

Sexual prejudice: A case study on the erasure of bisexuals in academia and the media

34

What are bisexual health issues within the context of HIV and STI prevention? 38

the bihealth program at fenway community health in boston, massachusetts

44

Introduction

44

The beginnings of BiHealth

46