Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation

localized nature of climate change impacts it is worthwhile to make the best use of knowledge .... Usable platforms, tools, and information infrastructure are needed for the publication and sharing of ...... Preliminary selection: Selection based on criteria of the candidate site ..... Optimize planting programs and mix of plant.
649KB Sizes 28 Downloads 460 Views
Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation

November ,2010 The Committee on Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation

List of Members The Committee on Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation (Titles omitted)

Chairperson Nobuo Mimura

Professor and Special Assistant to the President, Center for Water Environment Studies, Ibaraki University

Hiroshi Ando

Manager, Global Warming Countermeasures Section , Department of Environment, Saitama Prefecture

Seita Emori

Chief of Center for Global Environmental Research (CGER)(Climate Risk Assessment Research Section), National Institute for Environmental Studies

Takahiro Ochiai

Director of Conservation of Water and Soil Division, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute

Kuga Hitoshi

Group Leader of Global Warming Countermeasures and Senior Researcher of Recycling Society Division, Nagano Environmental Conservation

Research

Institute

Mitsuru Tanaka

Professor, Hosei School of Policy Sciences

Kaoru Nakata

General Manager of Marine Productivity Department, National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research Agency

Toshihiro Hasegawa

Senior Researcher of Agro-Meteorology Division, National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences

Yasuaki Hijioka

Senior Researcher of Social and Environmental Systems Division (Integrated Assessment Section), National Institute for Environmental Studies

Koh-ichi Fujita

Research Coordinator for Watershed Management, River Department, National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management

Takao Masumoto

Team Leader, Research Team for Global Warming and Environment & Head, Lab. of Hydrology and Water Resources, National Institute for Rural Engineering, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization

Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation CONTENTS Summary ......................................................................................................................................... i 1. Background and objectives 1.1 Background and the need for adaptation ............................................................................ 1 1.2 Objectives, audience, scope of this report........................................................................... 2 2. Approaches and concepts of adaptation 2.1 Framework for adaptation .................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Approaches to adaptation based on current scientific knowledge (1) Types of adaptation ..................................................................................................... 5 (2) Fundamentals needed to implement adaptation measures ...................................... 10 3. Basic factors of adaptation common to all sectors 3.1 Factors in considering adaptation (1) Latest knowledge on climate change .......................................................................... 14 (2) Short-, medium- and long-term risk management in the face of uncertainty .............. 17 (3) Consideration of regional characteristics .................................................................... 19 3.2 Specific procedures for adaptation planning and implementation ..................................... 20 A Track. Detailed planning and implementation steps Step (1) Analyze past observation data, review responses (including existing measures) to climate change and extreme weather events.............................. 22 Step (2) Plan and Implement monitoring of climate change and its impacts .................. 22 Step (3) Project future climate change and its impacts ................................................... 26 Step (4) Assess impacts, vulnerability, resilience, and risk ........................................... 30 Step (5) Determine need for adapta