ARTICLES - Pottinger Volunteer Page - University of Miami

Dec 10, 2002 - launching electronic attacks (for example, “email bombings”) ..... http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1200/mag.html; Richard V. Hoffman, Pariah Dogs ...... would be unnecessary and would add too many engineering complica-.
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ARTICLES [email protected]: TOWARD A CRITICAL THEORY OF CYBERSPACE A. Michael Froomkin TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................... 751 I. HABERMAS ON DISCOURSE THEORY ...................................................................................... 757 A. Critical Theory ..................................................................................................................... 761 B. Substantive Criteria ............................................................................................................ 764 C. Discourse Ethics and Practical Discourses ...................................................................... 767 II. THE INTERNET STANDARDS PROCESS: A DISCOURSE ABOUT DISCOURSE ..................... 777 A. What Is the Internet? .......................................................................................................... 778 B. A Short Social and Institutional History of Internet Standard-Making ...................... 782 1. The Prehistoric Period: 1968–1972 ............................................................................... 783 2. Formalization Begins: 1972–1986 ................................................................................. 785 3. IETF Formed, Further Formalization: 1986–1992..................................................... 786 4. Institutionalization and Legitimation: 1992–1995 ...................................................... 787 (a) The Internet Architecture Board (IAB)................................................................. 788 (b) The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) ...................................................... 792 5. The Internet Standard Creation Process Today (1996-Present) ................................ 794 III. THE INTERNET STANDARDS PROCESS AS A CASE STUDY IN DISCOURSE ETHICS ......... 796 A. The IETF Standards Process as the Best Practical Discourse....................................... 798 B. Counter: The IETF Standards Process Is Too Male and Monolingual To Be the “Best” Practical Discourse .................................................................................................. 805 C. Counter: It’s Too Specialized To Matter ............................................................................ 808 1. The Claim that the IETF Is “Technical” and Thus Outside the “Public Sphere” .. 808 2. The IETF Debates Whether an RFC Is “Law”.......................................................... 812 D. Can the IETF Example Be Generalized?.......................................................................... 815 IV. APPLICATIONS: CRITIQUES OF INTERNET STANDARDS FORMED OUTSIDE THE IETF................................................................................................................. 818 A. Noninstitutional Standard-Making.................................................................................. 819 B. Socialization and the Reproduction of Non-Hierarchy .................................................. 820

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C. Delegation: The Usenet Example ....................................................................................... 821 1. Mass Revenge/Vigilante Justice: The Usenet Spam Problem and Its (Partial) Solution ............................................................................................................................ 825 2. The Usenet Death Penalty ........................................................................