DEPOSIT ASSESSMENT IN BANGLADESH © 2011 INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION All rights reserved. May not be reproduced in whole or in part by any means without the written consent of the International Finance Corporation (IFC). This information, while based on sources that IFC considers to be reliable, is not guaranteed as to accuracy and does not purport to be complete. This information shall not be construed, implicitly or explicitly, as containing any investment recommendations, and, accordingly, IFC is not registered under the U.S. Investment Advisers Act of 1940. This information does not constitute an offer of or on behalf of IFC to purchase or sell any of the enterprises mentioned, nor should it be considered as investment advice. The denominations and geographical names in this publication are used solely for the convenience of the reader and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IFC, the World Bank, or other afﬁliates concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city, area, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its boundaries or national afﬁliation. Any views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the World Bank or International Finance Corporation. Commissioned by IFCs Access to Finance Advisory Department Published in the United States of America, May 2011 © MicroSave MicroSave has over a decade of experience in providing practical, client-responsive, market-led solutions to assist ﬁnancial service providers and institutions working with low income clients succeed and achieve their mission and business objectives. It has a history of working alongside ﬁnancial institutions, telecom operators and FMCG companies, livelihood institutions and development agencies of varied institutional forms and sizes throughout Africa and Asia. It has undertaken assignments in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Colombia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, the Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Vietnam.
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DEPOSIT ASSESSMENT IN BANGLADESH
Table of Contents
List of Tables List of Figures Acknowledgments Abbreviations Executive Summary 1. Contextual Background 2. Macroeconomic and Demographic Trends in Bangledesh 2.1 Macroeconomic Trends 2.1.1 Inﬂations 2.2 Demographic Data 2.2.1 Population 2.2.2 Poverty Levels 2.2.3 Occupations 2.2.4 Migration 220.127.116.11 Internal Migration 18.104.22.168 International Migration 3. Legal and Regulatory Framework 3.1 Regulation of NGO-MFIs 3.1.1 Microcredit Act and Microcredit Regulatory Authority (MRA) 3.1.2 MRA’s Current Licensing Status 3.2 The Banking System 3.3 Grameen Bank 3.4 Postal Savings 3.5 Microinsurance of NGO-MFIs 3.6 Issues in Regulations 3.6.1 Microsavings Interest Rates 3.6.2 Caps on Lending Rates 3.6.3 Prevalence of Dual Regulation 3.6.4 Limitations to Mobilising Savings by NGO-MFIs 3.6.5 Reduction of Lending Rate by Commercial Banks 3.7 Impact of Regulation 4. (Micro) Deposit Service Providers, Products, Methodologies 4.1 Performance of MF-NGOs in Deposit Mobilisation 4.2 Performance of Grameen Bank in Deposit Mobilisation 4.3 Performance of Banks in Deposit Mobilisation 4.4 Performance of the Postal Department of Bangladesh in Deposit Mobilisation 4.4.1 Postal Insurance 4.4.2 Electronic Money Orders 4.5 Performance of the Directorate of National Savings in Deposit Mobilisation 4.6 Performance of Co-operatives Societies in Deposit Mobilisation 4.7 Performance of Insurance Companies in Deposit Mobilisation 4.8 Performance of Informal Service Providers 5. Savings Practices in Bangladesh 5.1 Reasons Why People Save 5.2 Preference of Service Provider to Meet Savings Need 6. Conclusion
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