Canada's Science, Technology and Innovation System

Ecohydrology —. University of Waterloo. Philippe Van. Cappellen. Georgia Institute of Technology;. Utrecht University, Netherlands. Aquatic Epidemiology —.
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Permission to Reproduce Except as otherwise specifically noted, the information in this publication may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, without charge or further permission from the Science, Technology and Innovation Council, provided that due diligence is exercised in ensuring the accuracy of the information reproduced, that the Science, Technology and Innovation Council (STIC) is identified as the source institution, and that the reproduction is not represented as an official version of the information reproduced, nor as having been made in affiliation with, or with the endorsement of, STIC. © 2011, Government of Canada (Science, Technology and Innovation Council). State of the Nation 2010 — Canada’s Science, Technology and Innovation System: Imagination to Innovation — Building Canadian Paths to Prosperity All rights reserved. Aussi offert en français sous le titre L’état des lieux en 2010 — Le système des sciences, de la technologie et de l’innovation au Canada : De l’imagination à l’innovation — Le parcours du Canada vers la prospérité This publication is also available online at www.stic-csti.ca. This publication is available upon request in accessible formats. Contact the Science, Technology and Innovation Council Secretariat at the number listed below. For additional copies of this publication, please contact: Science, Technology and Innovation Council Secretariat 235 Queen Street 9th Floor Ottawa ON K1A 0H5 Telephone: 613-952-0998 Fax: 613-952-0459 Website: www.stic-csti.ca Email: [email protected] Cat. No. Iu4-142/2010E ISBN 978-1-100-17972-8 60872

Imagination to Innovation Building Canadian Paths to Prosperity

State of the Nation 2010 Canada’s Science, Technology and Innovation System

Science, Technology and Innovation Council

Contents Executive Summary............................................................................................................ 1 1 Introduction................................................................................................................... 3 2 Tracking Progress in Canada’s Innovative Performance — 2010 vs. 2008................... 4 3 Going Forward — A Core Set of Indicators to Measure Innovation........................................ 8 4 Recent Developments in Measuring Innovation...................................................... 10 5 Resources for Research and Development .............................................................. 12 6 Digest of Indicators.................................................................................................... 19 7 Conclusion.................................................................................................................... 74 Appendix A: Research and Development Sub-Priorities............................................... 75 Appendix B: State of the Nation 2008 Areas for Attention.......................................... 76

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State of the nation 2010

Digest of Indicators (Section 6) 6.1 Business Innovation Indicators......................................................................................... 19 6.1.1 Going Beyond R&D Indicators to Measure Innovation.............................................................. 19 6.1.2 Productivity Growth for Improved Standards of Living............................................................. 19 6.1.3 Innovation Focus in Business Strategy ....................................................................................... 23 6.1.4 Innovation through Research and Development........................................................................ 27 6.1.5 Innovation through Investments in Machinery and Equipment............................................... 33 6.1.6 Innovation and the Rise of Service Industries ........................................................................... 36 6.1.7 Financing Innovation through Venture Capital.......................................................................... 41