canning meat, poultry & game - Oregon State University Extension ...

PNW361. A Pacific Northwest Extension Publication. 7ASHINGTON ... Chicken or Rabbit. #HOOSE. MORE. BEFORE. #UT with or without bones. Hot pack. !DD.
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CANNING MEAT, POULTRY & GAME

PNW361 A Pacific Northwest Extension Publication 7ASHINGTONs)DAHOs/REGON

Canning Meat, 0OULTRY AND'AME Poultry, red meats, and game are low-acid foods that must be processed in a pressure canner to ensure safety. It is important to precisely follow the procedures specified for each type of product.

'ENERAL4IPSFOR3AFEAND1UALITY#ANNED-EAT s #HECKDIALGAUGESONPRESSURECANNERSANNUALLY s 5SEONLYGOODQUALITYPOULTRY REDMEAT ANDGAMEFOR canning. s #HILLMEATSOONAFTERSLAUGHTERTOª&ORLOWERTOKEEPIT from spoiling. s )FYOUARENOTABLETOCANTHEMEATWITHINAFEWDAYSOF slaughter, freeze it. Keep frozen until you're ready to can it, and then thaw in a refrigerator. s +EEPALLWORKAREASSANITARYANDMEATCLEAN s 4RIMGRISTLE BRUISEDSPOTS ANDFATOFFMEATBEFORECANNING s 6ENTTHEPRESSURECANNERFORMINUTESBEFORESTARTINGTHE canning process.

'ENERAL0ROCEDURES Jars and Lids 5SEREGULARCANNING-ASON JARSNOLARGERTHANTHESIZESTATED in the canning directions for the specific food being canned. 5SESELF SEALINGLIDSANDSCREWBANDS"UYONLYTHEQUANTITYOF lids you will use in a year, and follow the manufacturer's directions for preparing them. -AYONNAISE TYPEJARSARENOTRECOMMENDEDFORUSEINAPRESSURE CANNERBECAUSETHEYOFTENBREAK

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Filling Jars !FTERlLLINGJARSWITHFOOD RELEASEAIRBUBBLESBYINSERTINGAmAT PLASTICNOTMETAL SPATULABETWEENTHEFOODANDTHEJAR3LOWLY TURNTHEJARANDMOVETHESPATULAUPANDDOWNTOALLOWAIR BUBBLESTOESCAPE9OUDONOTNEEDTODOTHISFORRAWPACKED MEATSTHATHAVENOLIQUIDADDEDTOTHEJAR Add salt if desired; it seasons the food but is not necessary for PRESERVATION !DJUSTTHEHEADSPACEANDCLEANTHEJARRIMWITHADAMPENED paper towel. Place the lid, sealing compound down, onto the CLEANEDJARRIMJars with unclean rims may not seal. &ITTHEMETALSCREWBANDOVERTHELID&OLLOWTHEMANUFACTURERgS guidelines enclosed with or on the box to tighten the screw bands properly. Pressure Canners s &OLLOWMANUFACTURERgSDIRECTIONSFORUSE PARTICULARLYTHEINSTRUCTIONSFORCHECKINGTHECANNERBEFOREANDDURINGUSESO YOUKNOWHOWTORESPONDTOTHEHISSING JIGGLING ORROCKING of the weighted gauge. s 0UTnINCHESOFHOTWATERINTHECANNER0LACElLLEDJARS ONTHERACKUSINGAJARLIFTERPOSITIONEDBELOWTHESCREW BANDOFTHELID+EEPTHEJARUPRIGHTTOAVOIDSPILLAGEINTO THESEALAREA&ASTENTHECANNERLIDSECURELY s ,EAVEWEIGHTOFFTHEVENTPORTOROPENTHEPETCOCK(EATAT THEHIGHESTSETTINGUNTILSTEAMmOWSFROMTHEPETCOCKOR VENTPORT s -AINTAINTHEHIGHHEATSETTING EXHAUSTSTEAMMINUTES ANDTHENPLACEWEIGHTONTHEVENTPORTORCLOSETHEPETCOCK 4HECANNERWILLPRESSURIZEDURINGTHENEXTnMINUTES s 2EGULATEHEATUNDERTHECANNERTOMAINTAINASTEADYPRESSURE ATORSLIGHTLYABOVETHECORRECTGAUGEPRESSURE1UICKAND LARGEPRESSUREVARIATIONSDURINGPROCESSINGMAYCAUSEUNNECESSARYLIQUIDLOSSESFROMJARS7EIGHTEDGAUGESON-IRROCANNERSSHOULDJIGGLEnTIMESPERMINUTEON0RESTOCANNERS THEYSHOULDROCKSLOWLYTHROUGHOUTTHEPROCESS



s 3TARTTIMINGTHEPROCESSWHENTHEPRESSUREREADINGONTHE DIALGAUGEREACHESTHECORRECTPRESSUREFORYOURALTITUDESEE 4ABLESAND ORWHENTHEWEIGHTEDGAUGEBEGINSTOJIGGLE ORROCKASTHECANNERMANUFACTURERDESCRIBESIf at any time the pressure drops below the recommended level, bring the pressure back up and begin the process again using the full amount of processing time.4HISISIMPORTANTTO maintain food safety. s 7HENTHEPROCESSINGTIMEISCOMPLETED TURNOFFTHEHEAT REMOVETHECANNERFROMTHEHEATSOURCE ANDLETITDEPRESsurize. Do not force-cool the canner with cold running WATEROROPENTHEVENTPORTBEFORETHECANNERISFULLYDEPRESSURIZED4HISHASTHEPOTENTIALTOCAUSEUNSAFEFOODBECAUSE ITSHORTENSTHEPERIODTODESTROYHARMFULBACTERIA&ORCED COOLINGALSOCAUSESLIQUIDLOSSFROMJARSANDSEALFAILURES AND may warp the lids of older canners.

4IMETHEDEPRESSURIZATIONOFOLDERMODELSSTANDARD SIZED HEAVY WALLEDCANNERSREQUIREABOUTMINUTESWHENLOADED WITHPINTSANDMINUTESWITHQUARTS.EWERTHIN WALLED CANNERSCOOLMORERAPIDLYANDAREEQUIPPEDWITHVENTLOCKS 4HESECANNERSAREDEPRESSURIZEDWHENTHEIRVENTLOCKPISTON drops to a normal position.

s !FTERTHEPRESSURERETURNSTOZERO REMOVETHEWEIGHTFROM THEVENTPORTOROPENTHEPETCOCK7AITMINUTES UNFASTENT