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Unlocking the Potential of Urban Communities Case Studies of Twelve Learning Cities Edited by Raúl Valdes-Cotera, Norman Longworth, Katharina Lunardon, Mo Wang, Sunok Jo and Sinéad Crowe

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

For all cities that promote lifelong learning in order to achieve individual empowerment, social inclusion, economic development, cultural prosperity and sustainable development, the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities (GNLC) is the world’s top international policy-oriented network. As a source of inspiration, know-how and best practice in developing learning cities, the UNESCO GNLC is underpinned by the expertise of the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) and its partners.

Unlocking the Potential of Urban Communities Case Studies of Twelve Learning Cities Edited by Raúl Valdes-Cotera, Norman Longworth, Katharina Lunardon, Mo Wang, Sunok Jo and Sinéad Crowe

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

Published in 2015 by the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL), Hamburg, and the National Institute for Lifelong Education of the Republic of Korea (NILE), Seoul © UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning The UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) is a non-profit international institute of UNESCO. The Institute undertakes research, capacity-building, networking and publication on lifelong learning with a focus on adult and continuing education, literacy and non-formal basic education. Its publications are a valuable resource for educational researchers, planners, policymakers and practitioners. While the programmes of the UIL are established along the lines laid down by the General Conference of UNESCO, the publications of the Institute are issued under its sole responsibility. UNESCO is not responsible for their contents. The points of view, selection of facts and opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily coincide with official positions of UNESCO or the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO or the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning concerning the legal status of any country or territory, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitations of the frontiers of any country or territory. Design by Christiane Marwecki (cmgrafix communication media) Front cover images by Melton City Council, Zaqueu Proença, Gao Weidong (BASE), Bahir Dar University, Suomen Ilmakuva, Cork City Council, Raed Asfour, SEDU, City of Ybycuí, Balanga City Management & Information Services Offices (MISO), Namyangju Institute of Lifelong Education and Swansea University ISBN 978-92-820-1195-9 TR2015-3

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Unlocking the Potential of Urban Communities

This publication is available in Open Access under the AttributionNonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC-BY-ND 3.0 IGO) licence (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-ncsa/3.0/igo/). By using the content of this publication, the users accept to be bound by the terms of use of the UNESCO Open Access Repository (http://en.unesco.org/ open-access/terms-use-ccbyncsa-en). The present licence applies exclusively to the text content of the publication.

Table of Contents



Foreword 4



Acknowledgements 4



Introduction 5

Case Study 01: Australia – Melton 8 Case Study 02: Brazil – Sorocaba 22 Case Study 03: China – Beijing 34 Case Study 0 4: Ethiopia – Bahir Dar 46 Case Study 05: Finland – Espoo 58 Case Study 0 6: Ireland – Cork 72 Case Study 07: Jordan – Amman 84 Case Study 0 8: Mexico – Mexico City 96 Case Study 0 9: Paraguay – Ybycuí 108 Case Study 10: Philippines – Balanga 120 Case Study 11: Republic of Korea – Namyangju 132 Case Study 12: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland – Swansea 146



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