CBM Disability Inclusive Development Toolkit - CBM International

CBM's development approach: disability-inclusive development. 48 ...... then be completed with the development of an operational plan. Both plans.
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Disability Inclusive Development Toolkit



CRPD influencing everything we do Accessibility Human diversity

Nondiscrimination Full participation


Table of contents Foreword


Welcome to the CBM DID toolkit


How to use the toolkit


Acronyms 9

Chapter 1


1.1 What is disability?


Facts and figures Defining disability Analysing barriers Individual testimony: Abdul Gafur Disability rights Individual testimony: Ten Touch 1.2 Models of disability: from charity to human rights The charity model The medical model The social model The rights based model Individual testimony: Eti

12 13 14 14 15 18 20 20 20 20 20 22

1.3 Language and communication: what’s in a word?


Language and terminology is constantly evolving Person with disability or disabled person Language and context Individual testimony: Korn Leakhena Individual testimony: Edwin Kuki

24 25 25 26 30

1.4 Introduction to disability-inclusive development: end the cycle Disability and poverty: a reinforcing cycle Individual testimony: Kob May Saros 1.5 Practising inclusion in our day to day work: CBM’s core values CBM’s six core values Some tips for disability etiquette Individual testimony: Edwin Babanisi

32 32 35 36 36 37 39

Chapter 2


2.1 CBM’s disability and development approach


43 44

Brief 100-year history CBM today: CBM’s Federation Strategy 2021

©CBM Disability-Inclusive Development Toolkit


2.2 Disability-inclusive development: key elements CBM’s development approach: disability-inclusive development Core elements of a disability-inclusive development approach Awareness – a key to successful inclusion Participation Accessibility and Universal Design Twin-track approach Empowerment Case study: SPARK Gender equality

48 48 49 49 50 53 55 57 60 61

2.3 Inclusive management practice and responsibilities


Inclusive recruitment, retention and development of staff Inclusive recruitment Adaptations and modifications Retention and professional development of staff Case study: reasonable accommodation Regularly monitoring our inclusive practice

64 65 65 66 67 69

2.4 Managing change processes Understanding change: approaches and styles Understanding change: dynamics and emotions Theoretical approaches to help understand change Michael Fullan’s 5 point model of change Fullan and Barber’s eight drivers of change McKinsey’s 7-S model

70 70 71 72 73 74 76

Chapter 3


3.1 Disability as a cultural issue: evolving concepts and notions


81 83 85

What is disability? Moving beyond models Alternative voices and narratives Disability – a human rights based approach recognising power differentials, agency, capability and diversity


3.2 Human rights as a core foundation underpinning our work


Human rights and people with disabilities The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) Signing, ratification, confirming and acceding to the CRPD CRPD implementation: immediate versus progressive realisation CRPD infrastructure: national and international CRPD reporting requirements Case study: self-help group in Ghana: empowerment and rights

92 94 95 95 96 97 98

©CBM Disability-Inclusive Development Toolkit


3.3 Understanding the complexity of development History of development Shaping the post-2015 development agenda Agenda 2030 and the SDGs Monitoring the implementation of Agenda 2030 and the SDGs Key deve