Climate Change, agriculture and food security - Food and Agriculture ...
... the country pledges that formed the basis of the 2015 Paris. Agreement on climate change are turned now into action. These infographics are based on key findings in the FAO Report âState of Food and Agriculture 2016 â Climate change, agriculture and food securityâ available at www.fao.org/publications/sofa/sofa2016 ...
THE STATE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE Climate change, agriculture and food security
Climate change is a growing threat to the agriculture sectors. The negative effects on agricultural production and livelihoods of farmers, foresters and fisher folk are already being felt in many places. They will only get worse overtime. Unless climate change is addressed, agricultural productivity will decline with serious implications for food security. Millions of low-income people will be at risk of hunger and poverty. The agriculture sectors also contribute to climate change due to their emissions of greenhouse gases. In the Paris Agreement on climate change, concluded in December 2015, the international community has recognized the need for urgent action and the role of the agricultural sectors in addressing this challenge. It is essential that the country pledges that formed the basis of the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change are turned now into action. These infographics are based on key findings in the FAO Report “State of Food and Agriculture 2016 – Climate change, agriculture and food security” available at www.fao.org/publications/sofa/sofa2016
How climate change affects food security?
Climate change Agroecosystems Agricultural production and post-harvest Agricultural livelihoods
Food security and nutrition Availability
Climate change affects agriculture... Changes in precipitations patterns
Increased frequency of dry spells and drought
Increasing intensity of extreme weather events
Rising sea levels
All these effects have negative impacts on the productivity of crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry
...and agriculture sectors are major contributors to climate change
Taken together, agriculture, forestry and land-use account for at least 20% of total emissions, mainly from the conversion of forests to farmland and from livestock and crop production
Climate change impacts: who is paying the costs? The effects of climate change on agricultural production will have negative effects on developing countries, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and South and Southeast Asia
Productivity declines could have serious implications for food security.
Millions of low-income people who are already highly food insecure, are likely to be affected. Smallholder producers are amongst the most vulnerable
Responding to climate change: sustainable agricultural practices N2
Smallholders need support to access the right technologies and to implement them
Cultivating nitrogenefficient crop varieties
Improved pasture management
Integrated soil fertility management
Improved fodder grasses or legumes
Cultivating heat-tolerant crop varieties
Water harvesting Natural predation of & sprinkler pests and reduction irrigation of pesticides
By 2050 less people could be at risk of hunger if improved agricultural technologies are adopted
Use of nitrogen-efficient crop varieties
Cultivation heat-tolerant crop varieties
Integrated soil fertility management
Protection of crops from disease
Responding to climate change: mitigation The agriculture sectors can substantially contribute to balancing the global carbon cycle.
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approach, reinvest in smart advisory services, and focus on smallholders. Support to family agriculture and to women in particular was also deemed necessary. The promotion of traditional foods and species, coupled with efforts to reduce food loss and
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