Climate Change: Subject Profile - Scottish Parliament

May 25, 2016 - The treaty was negotiated at the United Nations Conference on ...... 2014c Scottish Climate Justice Fund Round 2 – Call for Applications.
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The Sc ottish Parliament and Scottis h Parliament Infor mation C entre l ogos .

SPICe Briefing

Climate Change: Subject Profile 25 May 2016 16/41 Dan Barlow This briefing is written for the benefit of both new MSPs and those returning to the Parliament. It provides an overview of the main climate change issues. It highlights the latest climate science, outlines the global, EU, UK frameworks for addressing climate change and focuses on the main legislative and policy provisions in Scotland. The briefing also sets out how emissions in Scotland have reduced to date and some of the ways that climate change issues have been considered in previous parliamentary sessions. More detailed briefings on climate change topics will be produced throughout the parliamentary session. Observed change in average surface temperature 1901-2012

Source: IPCC 2013a, Figure SPM 1b

CONTENTS

KEY POINTS ................................................................................................................................................................ 3 GLOBAL CONTEXT .................................................................................................................................................... 4 CLIMATE SCIENCE ................................................................................................................................................. 4 IMPACTS, ADAPTATION AND VULNERABILITY................................................................................................... 4 MITIGATION OF CLIMATE CHANGE ..................................................................................................................... 5 THE UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC) .............................. 6 INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE NEGOTIATIONS........................................................................................................ 6 Paris 2015 ............................................................................................................................................................ 6 EUROPE ..................................................................................................................................................................... 11 TARGETS............................................................................................................................................................... 11 EMISSION REDUCTION PATHWAYS .................................................................................................................. 11 EMISSIONS TRADING SYSTEM .......................................................................................................................... 12 EU INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION .......................................................................... 12 UNITED KINGDOM .................................................................................................................................................... 12 UK CLIMATE CHANGE ACT ................................................................................................................................. 12 UK AMBITION AND PARIS 2015 OUTCOMES ..................................................................................................... 13 SCOTLAND ................................................................................................................................................................ 13 CLIMATE CHANGE (SCOTLAND) ACT 2009 ....................................................................................................... 13 Annual Targets ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Report on Proposals and Policies ...................................................................................................................... 14 Mandatory reporting ................................................................