Coalitions - US Department of State

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Coalitions Coalitions - A Guide for Political Parties

A Guide for

National Democratic Institute 455 Massachusetts Ave., NW, 8th Floor, Washington, DC 20001 United States of America www.ndi.org

Political Parties

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NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTE

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THE OSLO CENTER FOR PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS

COALITIONS A Guide for Political Parties _________________________________________________ By The National Democratic Institute & The Oslo Center for Peace and Human Rights First Edition Copyright © 2015 The National Democratic Institute (NDI) & The Oslo Center for Peace and Human Rights (The Oslo Center) All rights reserved Portions of this work may be reproduced and/or translated for noncommercial purposes provided NDI & the Oslo Center are acknowledged as the source of the material and are sent copies of any translation. Printed in the United States of America.

The National Democratic Institute (NDI) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, nongovernmental organization that responds to the aspirations of people around the world to live in democratic societies that recognize and promote basic human rights. Since its founding in 1983, NDI and its local partners have worked to support and strengthen democratic institutions and practices by strengthening political parties, civic organizations and parliaments, safeguarding elections, and promoting citizen participation, openness and accountability in government. With staff members and volunteer political practitioners from more than 100 nations, NDI brings together individuals and groups to share ideas, knowledge, experiences and expertise. Partners receive broad exposure to best practices in international democratic development that can be adapted to the needs of their own countries. NDI’s multinational approach reinforces the message that while there is no single democratic model, certain core principles are shared by all democracies.  The Institute’s work upholds the principles enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It also promotes the development of institutionalized channels of communications among citizens, political institutions and elected officials, and strengthens their ability to improve the quality of life for all citizens. For more information about NDI, please visit www.ndi.org. The Oslo Center for Peace and Human Rights was established in 2006 by former Norwegian Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik and Einar Steensnæs, former member of the Norwegian Parliament and Cabinet. Their objective was to create a new platform in Norway for international peace and human rights efforts, where – together with staff members and partners – they could put to good use their experience and competence and the networks they had acquired through many years in domestic and international politics. Since its establishment in 2006, the Oslo Center has developed into an independent, professional and politically relevant democracy assistance center and a meeting place for experts, change agents and political actors. The Oslo Center provides comparative knowledge and shares practical experiences, and creates meeting places for conflict prevention, dialogue and strengthening of responsible leadership. The overall mission is to assist fragile states and vulnerable democracies in strengthening democratic political institutions and processes. For more information about the Oslo Center, please visit www.oslocenter.no.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tips and Tools for Coalition-Building . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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