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Title: SISTER CARRIE, The Pennsylvania Edition Author: Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945 Print Source: SISTER CARRIE / THEODORE DREISER, The Pennsylvania Edition Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945 JOHN C. BERKEY, Historical Editor, ed. ALICE M. WINTERS, Historical Editor, ed. JAMES L. W. WEST III, Textual Editor, ed. NEDA M. WESTLAKE, General Editor, ed. The Pennsylvania Edition Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981 ISBN: SISTER CARRIE, The Pennsylvania Edition THEODORE DREISER

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CONTENTS List of Illustrations vii Preface and Acknowledgements ix SISTER CARRIE 3 HISTORICAL COMMENTARY 501 Sister Carrie: Manuscript to Print 503 Notes 535 Maps 543 Historical Notes 555 TEXTUAL COMMENTARY 575 Editorial Principles 577 Notes 590 TEXTUAL APPARATUS 591 Selected Emendations in the Copy-Text 593 Textual Notes 637 Dreiser's Revised Ending for Chapter XLIX 647 Dreiser's Revised Ending for Chapter L 653 Sara White Dreiser's Revised Ending for Chapter L 657 Block Cuts Marked by Arthur Henry and Accepted by Dreiser 661 Chapter Titles 671 Word Division 675

Pedigree of Editions

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ILLUSTRATIONS

Map of Chicago 545 Map of New York 547 Theodore Dreiser in 1900 549 First page of the manuscript 550 First page of the typescript 550 Chapin and Gore 551 Hannah and Hogg's 551 McVicker's Theatre 552 Palmer House 552 What Right Has He On Broadway 553 Casino Theatre 553 Trolley strike in Brooklyn 554 A dinner at Sherry's 554

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PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Theodore Dreiser, newspaper reporter and journalist, began his first novel in the early fall of 1899, at the age of twenty-eight. He finished the manuscript in March 1900. In the novel, Dreiser put Carrie Meeber on the afternoon train from Columbia City in Wisconsin to Chicago in August 1889. She was eighteen years of age, bright, timid and full of the illusions of ignorance and youth. When the story ended, nine years later, Carrie had lost those illusions, and Dreiser had created a novel that would have a publication history and a critical reception as controversial as the career of his heroine. Dreiser's wife and his friend Arthur Henry cut and revised the manuscript and typescript. The typists and the publisher's house editors made further changes. The Sister Carrie that was published in November 1900 was marred by this editorial interference and censorship and has been the basis of American editions and foreign translations until the present. The editors of the Pennsylvania edition of Sister Carrie, with recourse to the manuscript and typescript, restore the novel as closely as possible to the author's original

version, a more somber and unresolved work of art. The frame of the novel remains; within the picture, like a cleansed portrait, the characters assume the original clarity of the artist's design. The Pennsylvania edition of Sister Carrie has been, from its inception, a collaborative effort. Responsibility for the general editorial strategy employed in this volume is shared equally by the four editors. Historical Editors Berkey and Winters provided the initial impetus for the project; their subsequent responsibilities have included transcription of Dreiser's manuscript, collation of significant forms of the text, explanatory annotation of the novel, and preparation of the maps of Chicago and New York of the era of Sister Carrie, Textual Editor West verified the transcription of the manuscript, conceived the editorial principles, emended the copy-text, and compiled the apparatus. West drafted Sister Carrie: Manuscript to Print; Berkey, Winters, and West collaborated in the expansion, revision, and refinement

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of the essay. The General Editor has coordinated these efforts and supports the results. Proofreading duties have been assumed by the four editors. The editors are grateful, above all, that Theodore Dreiser had the good judgment in 1914, long before his agreement with the University of Penns