Cooking with Gas - WLPGA

C O O K I N G W I T H G A S : Why women in developing countries want LPG and how they can get it. 40 I 41 the siting of LPG and fuel stations in residential areas in Accra, in the wake of a gas tanker crash. Some stations are built very close to homes, shops, churches and offices (Bokpe, 2014). The Malaysian. Department ...
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Cooking with Gas: Why women in developing countries want LPG and how they can get it Report developed for the World LP Gas Association by ENERGIA International Network on Gender and Sustainable Energy October 2014

INTERNATIONAL NETWORK ON GENDER AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY

The World LP Gas Association The World LPG Association was established in 1987 in Dublin, Ireland under the initial name of the World LPG Forum. The World LPG Association unites the broad interests of the vast worldwide LPG industry in one organisation. It was granted Category II Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 1989. The World LPG Association exists to provide representation of LPG use through leadership of the industry worldwide.

Acknowledgements The World Bank Central America Clean Cooking Initiative and the Center for Disease Control (CDC) supported ENERGIA and WLPGA in the preparation of the paper. This document “Cooking with Gas: Why women in the developing world want LPG and how they can get it” was written by Elizabeth Cecelski and Margaret ‘Magi’ Matinga of ENERGIA International Network on Gender and Sustainable Energy with valuable support from a task force including: Abdelkader Benbekhaled, Salamgaz, Morocco I Nancy Coop, Ferrellgas, USA I Koffi Ekouevi, The World Bank I Mehdi El Guerchi, Totalgaz, France I Christina Espinosa, Gente Gas, Guatemala I Alex Evans, Global LPG Partnership, USA I Oyindamola Fagbenle, Georgetown University, USA I Corinne Hart, Seema Patel, Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves I Tamsin Heygate, Oryx Energies, South Africa I Kalinda Magloire, Switch SA, Haití I Reema Nanavaty, Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA), India I Mike Sage, The Center for Disease Control (CDC), USA Michael Kelly from the World LP Gas Association, coordinated this project.

C O O K I N G

W I T H

G A S : Why women in developing countries want LPG and how they can get it

Contents 05

Foreword

07

Executive summary

16

Chapter 1 Cooking energy in developing countries: A key issue for women and girls

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1.1 Access to clean cooking energy is a gender issue

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1.2 LPG and energy poverty

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Chapter 2 Why women want LPG

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2. 1 The energy crisis is women’s time and drudgery

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2.1.1 Women’s triple burden

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2.1.2 Time spent in fuel collection and cooking

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2.1.3 Time and effort saved with modern fuels

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2.1.4 Using saved time and reduced drudgery for development opportunities and empowerment

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2.1.5 Modernity, status and changing gender roles

31

2.2 Health improvements for the family and women

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2.2.1 Traditional fuels and health

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2.2.2 LPG: Better emissions and health outcomes

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2.2.3 Beyond indoor air pollution

38

2.2.4 Paraffin (kerosene) poisoning, burns and deaths

39

Chapter 3 How governments and companies are overcoming constraints and how women can be involved in increasing access to LPG as a cooking fuel

40

3.1 Empowering women with knowledge and control of LPG

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3.1.1 Women’s fears about LPG safety

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3.1.2 Consumer education and awareness

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3.1.3 Good practices

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3.2 Diversifying women’s livelihoods with LPG

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3.2.1 Using LPG to improve profitability of women’s enterprises

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3.2.2 Engaging women in the LPG supply chain

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3.3 Linking modern cooking fuels with women’s empowerment

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3.3.1 Women’s organisations can infl