curriculum vitae: e - KISA

Africa and as a consultant in European security fora on. Mediterranean security issues. (5). Currently I ... Global Policy Institute, London Metropolitan University.
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From March 1997 until June 1998 I was the deputy-director at the Royal Institute of International Affairs and subsequently actingdirector. From January 1999 I was director-of-studies at the Institute until March 2000.


I am now an affiliated lecturer at the Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS) in the University of Cambridge, where I also run the Centre for North African Studies. I was also, until 2010, a research fellow at the Centre for Islamic Studies at Oxford University. Between 2000 and 2006 I was a visiting professor in geography at Kings College, in London University and thereafter I have held a professorial fellowship in the Global Policy Institute of London Metropolitan University. I also hold a professorial fellowship at the Royal United Services Institution in London where I am director of the Institute’s Qatar programme.


I was also senior research fellow for the Mediterranean programme of the Instituto de Estudos Estratigecos e Internacionais in Lisbon where, until April 2006 I managed the EuroMeSCo network of foreign policy institutes – an official confidence-building measure of the European Union in the EuroMediterranean Partnership. I have similar links with the European Union Institute of Strategic Studies in Paris.


I was self-employed between 1973 and 1997 and was also active in the academic context as a lecturer on international relations, geography and contemporary history in the Middle East and North Africa and as a consultant in European security fora on Mediterranean security issues.


Currently I manage and teach a sub-option on the M.Phil. (International Relations) course at Cambridge, where I provide the only course on the international relations of the contemporary Middle East and North Africa in the university. I also supervise PhDs in these subjects. I also teach on MA and BA courses on Middle East and North African affairs, including geopolitical, boundary and resource issues, at Kings College in London.


In the professional context I have worked as a consultant on issues of political and economic risk, a technical expert on political and economic issues connected to international arbitration and a commentator on current affairs. I also managed a project on

economic reform in the Mediterranean basin for the Royal Institute of International Affairs and participated in the Institute’s Middle East Programme before becoming deputy-director there in 1997.


Academic Affiliations Cambridge University Lecturer at the Centre of International Studies/POLIS

since 2002

Oxford University Research fellow at the Centre of Islamic Studies


Kings College, London University Visiting Professor in Geography

since 2000

Global Policy Institute, London Metropolitan University Professorial Fellow

since 2006

Royal United Services Institute for Strategic Studies Research fellow Professorial fellow Director Qatar Programme

since 2001 since 2010 since 2010

Instituto de Estudos Estratégicos e Internacionais Senior Research Fellow (Mediterranean)

since 1999

London School of Economics and Political Science Visiting Fellow in The Centre for International Relations


School of Oriental and African Studies Lecturing in:Geography of North Africa Geography of the Middle East Political Geography Research Associate:Centre for Near and Middle Eastern Studies Deputy Director:Centre for Geopolitics and International Boundaries Research Senior Research Fellow


1980-2002 1982-2002 1989-2002 1986-1998



University of Southampton Teaching Fellow:Department of Politics (Geopolitics of the Middle East and North Africa) University of Exeter Honorary Research Fellow:Department of Politics


University of Sussex Lecturing:Department of Politics (Geopolitics of the Middle East and North Africa) Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) Senior Research Fellow Responsible for a project on Mediterranean security issues and European Union Mediterranean policy Director-of-Studies and Deputy-Director Acting-Director Director-of-Studies





1997-2000 1998 1997-2000

Professional Affiliations Middle East Editor Economist Intelligence Unit (London)


Consultant Editor for the Middle East and North Africa Economist Intelligence Unit (London)



since 1980

Commentary - radio and television

since 1976



Publishing and Consultancy Director - Menas Press Ltd (Publishing academic texts on Middle East and North Africa)


Director - Menas Services Ltd (Responsible for technical support projects in border dispute resolution and oil arbitrations before the International Court of Justice)


Director - MEAPEC Ltd (Responsible for economic and political risk analysis)

since 1984


Postgraduate research SSRC grant (1976-77) research in Morocco: £5,000


Academic funding Private funding (1993-95) Society of Moroccan Studies: £10,000 Private funding (1992-93) Society of Algerian Studies: £2,000 Private funding (1993) SOAS conference: £12,000 from ISESCO (Rabat) Private Funding (1995) for publication: £6,000 from ISESCO (Rabat) Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1996) Conference on Morocco: £7,000 Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1996) Creation of Centre for North African Studies: £8,000 Foreign and Commonwealth Office (1997) Support for Centre for North African Studies: £4,000 Royal Institute of international Affairs (1997-1999) Various projects on Angola and Mediterranean Affairs: £70,000 Cambridge University (2007-2009) ESCR project: Political Islam in North Africa £267,000


CAREER EXPERIENCE My career experience is relevant to my current activities in the following respects: academic (teaching), academic and professional (research), administration (consultancy), analysis (consultancy).


Academic (teaching)

I have carried out undergraduate and postgraduate teaching for the past four decades. I have created and enjoyed sole responsibility for the courses in geopolitics of the Middle East at Southampton University and Sussex University. I shared teaching duties for the geography courses at the School of Oriental and African Studies and now do this at Kings College. I teach a postgraduate course on North Africa and the Middle East at Cambridge University and supervise MPhil and PhD students. I also jointly organised field courses for the Geography Department at SOAS in 1987, 1993 and 1994. I am also an examiner for doctoral theses at Oxford, Cambridge, London, Durham, Exeter, Leeds, Birmingham, Cardiff and Lancaster universities and was until 2006 external examiner for the Diplomatic Academy at Westminister University. I have also lectured widely on North African and Middle Eastern issues for major institutes in Britain, Europe and the United States. These include Wilton Park, the Royal College of Defence Studies, the Royal United Services Institution, the International Institute of Strategic Studies, all in Britain. I have also lectured at all major institutes in Europe, including the NATO College in Rome, and at institutes in Morocco, Libya and Tunisia. I am a recognised authority on contemporary political and economic issues in the Mediterranean and Gulf regions.


Academic and professional research

I have extensive research experience, both in terms of field and archival research. In the late 1970s, I undertook oral and archival historical investigations in the rural Jbala region of north-western Morocco in order to establish the pattern of development of rural resistance to the French and Spanish colonial presences there up to 1956. In 1983 and 1984 I carried out extensive archival research in Malta into the activities of the Order of St John of Jerusalem and into Malta's nineteenth century links with North Africa. Between 1980 and 1984 I investigated French, Spanish and British archives over North African affairs during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. I have also investigated official British and French archives in connection with the late nineteenth and twentieth century histories of the Gulf states, Iraq, Yemen and Palestine, with particular reference to issues of border definition and state sovereignty. My research work has also been linked to my professional activities,


particularly in connection with international arbitrations. I have been responsible for conducting and organising historical research in connection with border disputes before the International Court of Justice, involving Libya with Tunisia, Malta and Chad (on behalf of Libya), Qatar with Bahrain (on behalf of Qatar), and before an ad hoc tribunal for Egypt with Israel [Taba] (on behalf of Egypt). I advised on the disputes involving Yemen with Saudi Arabia (on behalf of Yemen) and Slovakia with Hungary (on behalf of Slovakia). I have also advised the defence team for the trial of the two Libyan accused in the Lockerbie affair. I also advise on asylum cases for the Middle East and North Africa, both in Britain and its dependencies and in the United States.


Administrative activities

My professional activities have involved a major commitment to administration, particularly of research work. I have had to coordinate teams of researchers operating in Britain, France, Malta, Tunisia, Turkey and, on occasion, the USA. I have also had to organise the final reports to the client, attend and take instructions from the client and provide expert testimony when arbitrations were heard by the International Court of Justice or by an ad hoc tribunal. This has also been necessary in cases I organised before the US-Iran Claims Tribunal at The Hague between 1986 and 1990. I was responsible for coordinating the work of a team of economic experts and ensuring that a series of complex and lengthy reports were prepared for the client. Much of this work was carried out in parallel with my administration of the border arbitrations described above. Between 1990 and 1997 I have, with Professor McLachlan, controlled the activities of the Geopolitics and International Boundaries Research Centre at SOAS. This has involved directing and coordinating the activities of the permanent staff of the Centre, managing its publishing programme and budget, and organising Centre conferences. I have also organised three major conferences at SOAS between 1988 and 1989; on Morocco's links to Europe, on Maghribi-EEC relations and on the process of state formation in North Africa. In 1994 I organised, on behalf of SOAS, the first major conference on radical Islam in North Africa at Chatham House. This conference involved participation from all major Islamist movements in the region, including the FIS. In 1995 I organised, again on behalf of SOAS, the first academic conference on Yemen which involved speakers from all the Yemeni political factions in the aftermath of the Civil War there in 1994. In 1996, I organised a conference entitled "After Barcelona" for the British Embassy in Rabat at Chatham House. The proceedings of three of the conferences have been published. At Cambridge I jointly organised a conference on Qajar Persia in 2004 and a conference on the centenary of the discovery of oil in Persia in 2008. In 2009 I organised a major conference on Radicalisation in the Middle East and


North Africa at the Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies in the University of Cambridge. Two major publications have emerged from the proceedings of this conference. As honorary secretary of the Society of Moroccan Studies I was responsible for promoting the Society's membership and establishing its organisation as a company and registered charity. I have coordinated the Society's lectureship and conference programmes - we hold six lectures and one conference annually. I also arrange fund raising for the Society and coordinate the production and distribution of the Society's journal, Morocco. I also undertook similar activities in connection with the new Society of Algerian Studies where I was the co-organiser for a major conference on Algeria and the treasurer until 1997. I am also the founder and co-editor (with Professor John Entelis of Fordham University in New York) of the Journal of North African Studies, published by Frank Cass & Co (now published by Taylor and Francis Ltd) and, until the year 2000, the co-editor of Mediterranean Politics, also published by Frank Cass & Co. In my position as director-of-studies at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, I was also appointed as deputy-director under Sir Timothy Garden, the director, in 1997. The Institute, which is the leading institute for the study of international affairs in Great Britain, was founded in 1926 and my predecessors have included the historian, Arnold Toynbee, and Lord William Wallace. My responsibilities included managing the nine research programmes of the Institute, as well as its publications section – the Institute published two periodicals, including International Affairs, and around forty books and pamphlets per year. I also managed the Institute’s library and its meetings programme - the Institute is a major conference centre and most international figures will, whilst visiting London, address one of its meetings. I was also acting-director from June 1998 to December 1998. I have also founded and am the director of the Centre for North African Studies, now the Centre for the study of the International Relations of the Middle East and North Africa (CIRMENA). The Centre is the only body in Britain devoted to the study of contemporary, historical and sociological affairs in the North African region, in addition to its new interests in the Middle East. It also provides facilities for representatives from government, the commercial world and academe to discuss issues involving the region and provides a series of public meetings on such issues. The Centre also houses the Journal of North African Studies, which I founded in 1995 and of which I am the co-editor, and will begin a regular publishing programme on North Africa when funds permit. I am the editor, in this capacity, of a book series, published by Taylor and Francis, entitled History and Society in the Islamic world. The Centre intends to expand its activities by sponsoring academic research in the region and already cooperates with its American counterpart, AIMS (the American Institute of Maghrib Studies) in this respect. It is now based in the Department of Politics and International Studies in Cambridge University. The Centre has designed a project to link British and Moroccan universities together – the Moroccan-British Academic Network – which will be based at the Middle East Centre in St Anthony’s College at Oxford


University. At Cambridge, I have recently been engaged in a project to investigate radicalisation in North Africa with Alison Pargeter for the ESRC. The project has already culminated in a conference from which two books on the subject have been published, one with IB Tauris and the other with Taylor and Francis.



I take an active and continuing interest in current developments in the Middle East and North Africa, especially in the new alignments developing in the Mediterranean region, as part of my work in political risk analysis. As mentioned above, I frequently address conferences in universities and research institutions such as Wilton Park, IISS and the RIIA (Chatham House) on these issues. I also regularly address professional audiences at the NATO Defence College in Rome, the Geneva Centre for Security Policy in Geneva, the Norwegian Foreign Ministry and NOREF in Oslo and the Royal College of Defence Studies in London. I also attend official meetings in Europe at institutions such as the European Commission in Brussels, the European Union Strategic Studies Institute in Paris, the Nato College in Rome and governmental advisory bodies in France, Italy, Spain and Portugal. My most recent interests in this respect are issues of migration and economic restructuring in North Africa and the Middle East, as well as Gulf and Levantine affairs in connection with my activities in political risk analysis. Until April 2006 I was also the administrative manager, under Alvaro Vasconcelos (now director of the European Union Institute of Strategic Studies in Paris), of the EuroMeSCo network of strategic studies institutes in Europe and the Southern Mediterranean states set up under the Barcelona Conference process as part of the European Union’s Euro-Mediterranean Partnership policy, where I am a member of the steering committee. As mentioned above, I also acted as the senior research fellow for the Mediterranean for the lead institute in this network, the Instituto de Estudos Estratégicos e Internacionais in Lisbon.

Current commitments In addition to my regular commitments, I have also been commissioned to write a book for Cambridge Univerity on Muslims in Europe and another on the Arab Spring for IB Tauris.


PUBLICATIONS - Articles in Journals and Books

General "Foreign investment and economic liberalisation", JIME Review, 17, Summer 1992 "Sovereignty and intervention: the perspective for the developing world", in Heiberg M. (ed)(1994), Subduing sovereignty: sovereignty and the right to intervene, Menas Press/Pinter Press (London) (with Penrose E. and Stevens P.), "Nationalisation of foreign-owned property for a public purpose: an economic perspective on appropriate compensation", Modern Law Review, May 1992 (with Paul Stevens, Tony George, Jonathan Lux and Carol Searle)(2008), Expropriation of Oil and Gas Investments: Historical, Legal and Economic Perspectives in a New Age of Resource Nationalism, American Institute of Petroleum Negotiators (Huston) "Nacionalismo y el mito democratico": Cuadernos de Alzate: l. Winter 1984-85 "Low level violence and terrorism" in Aliboni R., Joffé G. and Niblock T. (1996), Security challenges in the Mediterranean region, Cass (London) “Democracy, Islam and the culture of Modernism”, Democratization, 4, 3 (Autumn 1997) “Global Terrorism”, EuroMeSCo Report No. 30, IEEI (Lisbon)(May 2004) (with Schmidt C. and Davar E), “The psychology of political extremism”, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 18, 1 (April 2005) “Politics in the Muslim world: Morocco, Iran and Indonesia”, in Graham L.S. (ed)(2007), The politics of governing: a comparative introduction, Congressional Quarterly Publications (Los Angeles) “Democracy and the Muslim world,” in Nuno Texeira S. (ed)(2008), The international politics of democratization: comparative perspectives, Routledge (London) “‘Building a safe, just and tolerant society’: British attitudes towards asylum and migration”, EUI Working Papers (RSCAS 2008/11), European University Institute – Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (Florence) (April 2008)


(with Paul Stevens, Tony George, Jonathan Lux, and Carol Searle) “Expropriation of oil and gas investments: Historical, legal and economic perspectives in a new age of resource nationalism,” Journal of world energy law and business, (2009) 2, 1 “Differing traditions of “just war” in the contemporary world,” Arches Quarterly, 3, 5 (Winter 2009) “Political Islam” in The Middle East and North Africa 2011, Europa Publications (Routledge – London) “Political Islam” in The Middle East and North Africa 2012, Europa Publications (Routledge – London)

Middle East "Agricultural development in Saudi Arabia" in Beaumont P. & McLachlan K.S. (eds)(1985) Agricultural development in the Middle East, Wiley (Chicago) "Arab nationalism and Palestine": Journal of Peace Studies, 20, 2 1983 "British Middle Eastern policy": Arab Affairs, 1, Summer 1986 "Amman, the underlying reality": Arab Affairs, 5, Spring 1988 "Terrorism and Fundamentalism in the Middle East" in Thomas, C. and Saravanamuttu, P.(eds)(1989), Conflict and Consensus in South/North Security, CUP (Cambridge) "International law, conflict and stability in the Gulf and the Mediterranean", in Thomas, C. and Saravanamutta, P.(eds)(1989), The State and Instability in the South, Macmillan (London) "Iran, the southern Mediterranean and Europe: terrorism and hostages", in Ehteshami A. & Varasteh M. (eds)(1991), Iran and the international community, Routledge (London) "Privatisation and decentralisation in the Arab world (with special reference to Morocco", JIME Review, (Cairo), Spring 1990 "Middle Eastern views of the Gulf conflict and its aftermath", Review of International Studies, 19, 2 (April 1993) "The implications of the "New World Order" for the Middle East and North


Africa", The Middle East and North Africa 1993, Europa Publications (London) "Territory, state and nation in the Middle East and North Africa", in Schofield R.N. and Schofield C. (eds)(1995), International boundaries: fresh perspectives - Volume III: the Middle East, Routledge (London) "The issue of water in the Middle East", in Thomas C. & Howlett D. (eds)(1993), Freshwater politics and international relations, Open University Press (Milton Keynes) "Foreign investment and economic liberalisation in the Middle East", in Niblock T. and Murphy E. (eds)(1993), Economic and political liberalisation in the Middle East, British Academic Press (London) "State boundaries in the Middle East and the Arab world: security implications", (in Arabic) "Masla'ilu al-hududi al-arabiyati/al-arabiyati", Markaz al-Dirasat al-Arabiya-al-Urubia (1993),Tahadiyat al-alami al-arabi fi dhali al-mutaghariati al-duwaliya (The security challenge facing the Arab world) "Relations between the Middle East and the West", The Middle East Journal, Spring 1994 "American policy in the Middle East and the Arab-Israeli peace process", The Middle East and North Africa 1994, Europa (London) "The Economic Aspects of the Peace Process", JIME Review (Spring 1994) “The Islamist enigma in Turkey”, JIME Review (Autumn 1996) “Arab frontier disputes: the consequences for Arab security”, Geopolitics and International Boundaries Studies, 1, 2 (Summer 1996) “Relations between the Middle East and the West: a view from the South”, in Roberson B-A. (ed)(1998), The Middle East and Europe, Routledge (London) “Terrorism in the Middle East and North Africa”, in Chapman S. (ed)(1998), The Middle East and North Africa 1998, Europa Publications (London) “Recent developments in US policy towards the Middle East”, in Chapman S. (1998), The Middle East and North Africa 1998, Europa Publications (London) “Moyen Orient et Afrique du Nord: une paix introuvable, une stabilité menacée”, in Charillon F. (ed)(2001), Les politiques étrangères: ruptures et continuities, La Documentation française (Paris)


“Israel, Palestine and the European Union” in Farouk-Ali A. (ed)(2007), The Future of Palestine and Israel; from colonial roots to post-colonial realities, Institute for Global Dialogue (Bloemfontaine)

The Gulf region "The GCC comes of age": Arab Affairs, 9, Spring-Summer 1989 "Developments in Iraq since the ceasefire", in Davies C. (ed)(1990), After the war: Iran, Iraq and the Arab Gulf, Carden Publications Ltd, (Chichester) "The Iraqi economy", in GIBRC (1991), Kuwait, Iraq and Iran: proceedings of a seminar held at the School of Oriental and African Studies on 5th March 1991, SOAS (London) "Oil, wealth and wealth distribution" in Miall H. (1991)(ed), Decision-making in the Gulf: lessons to be learned, Oxford Research Group (Current Decisions Report No.5-June 1991) "The domestic consequences of the Gulf conflict", in EIU (1991), Iran and the Arabian Peninsula; economic structure and analysis, EIU Regional Reference Series, The Economist Intelligence Unit (London) "The Gulf war", in Chapman S. (ed)(1991), The Middle East and North Africa 1991, Europa Publications (London) (1992), Bankrupting the Gulf, The Bevin Society (London) "Prelude to the 1991 Gulf war" in Chapman S. (ed)(1992), The Middle East and North Africa 1992, Europa Publications (London) "Iraq and Kuwait: the invasion, the war and the aftermath", in Chapman S. (ed)(1992), The Middle East and North Africa 1992, Europa Publications (London) "Concepts of sovereignty in the Gulf region" in Schofield R. (1994), The territorial foundations of the Gulf states, UCL Press (London) “Aufhebung der Sanktionen gegen den Irak? Auswirkungen auf die arabische Welt und den Westen,” Internationale Politik, 52, 3 (March 1997) “Ungewisse Zukunft für Saudi-Arabien”, (March 2002)

Internationale Politik, 57, 3

“Erstickte Democratisierung in Iran: die Lage nach dem 11.September”,


Internationale Politik, 57, 3 (March 2002) “Saudi Arabia after 9/11”, Internationale Politik (International Edition), 3, 2 (Summer 2002)

Mediterranean "Political institutions and political culture in the southern Mediterranean", The International Spectator, XXVIII, 3 (July-September 1993) “The economic factor in Mediterranean security”, International Spectator, 31, 4 (October-December 1996) “Southern attitudes towards an integrated Mediterranean region” in Gillespie R. (1997), The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: political and economic perspectives, Cass (London and Portland, Oregon) “Europe and North Africa”, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 10, 2 Summer 1997). “The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership initiative: problems and prospects”, Journal of North African Studies, 3, 2 (Spring 1998) “European multilateralism and soft power projection in the Mediterranean”, in Fred Tanner (ed)(2001), The European Union as a security actor in the Mediterranean: ESDP, soft power and peacemaking in Euro-Mediterranean relations, Zurcher Beitrag zur Sicherheitspolitik und Konfliktforschung Nr 61, Kurt R. Spillmann und Andreas Wenger Verlag (Zurich). “The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and foreign investment”, in Youngs R. and Amirah Fernandez H. (2005)(eds), The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: assessing the first decade, FRIDE (Madrid); 35-45 “The EU and the Mediterranean: open regionalism or peripheral dependence?” in Telo M. (ed)(2007), European Union and new regionalism, Ashgate (Aldershot) “European policy and the Mediterranean,” in Zoubir Y. and AmirahFernandez H. (2008)(eds), North Africa: politics, region and the limits of transformation, Routledge (London) “The European Union, democracy and counter-terrorism in the Maghrib”, Journal of Common Market Studies, 46, 1 (January 2008) “Energy and food security in the Mediterranean”, in Joffe E.G.H., Allal S. and Allal H.B.J. (2009) Energy and global economic crisis: the chances for progress, “Ten Papers for Barcelona” No.2 EU-ISS/IeMed (Paris/Barcelona) 13

“North Africa and Europe,” in Adebajo A. and Whiteman K. (eds.) The EU and Africa: From Eurafrique to Afro-europa? Hurst (forthcoming, 2012).

North Africa "Federalismo y minorias en los paises del Oriente Medio v del Norte de Africa": Revista de Estudios Politicos (Nueva Epoca): 54, Nov-Dec 1986 "The Berbers", in Ashworth G. (ed)(1977), World Minorities, Volume I, Minority Rights Group (London) "Frontiers in North Africa" in Schofield R.N. and Blake G. (eds)(1987), Border Problems in the Middle East and North Africa, Menas Press (Wisbech) "The Maghreb or Western Arab World: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia", in Adams M, (ed)(1988), Handbooks to the Modern World: The Middle East, Facts on File Publications (Oxford) "Concepts of borders and sovereignty in North Africa", Anon (1990), International boundaries and boundary conflict resolution: 1989 conference proceedings, IBRU (Durham) "The geography of North Africa: development, migration and the demographic timebomb", in Chapman G. & Baker K. (eds)(1991), The changing geography of Africa and the Middle East, Routledge (London) "North African responses to the Gulf crisis", in EIU (1991), North Africa; economic structure and analysis, EIU Regional Reference Series, The Economist Intelligence Unit (London) "The Maghrib", in Sluglett P. and Farouk-Sluglett M. (eds)(1991)(revised 1995), The Middle East: the Arab world and its neighbours, Times Books (London) "Irrigation and water supply systems in North Africa", Morocco, 2, 1992 "The Western Arab world", in Nonneman G. (ed)(1992), The Middle East and Europe: an integrated communities approach, Federal Trust for Education and Research "Reactions in North Africa to the conflict in the Gulf", in Gow J. (ed)(1993), Iraq, the Gulf conflict and the world community, Brasseys (London) "Democracy in the Maghrib", in Jawad H. (ed)(1994), The Middle East and


the New World Order, St. Martin's Press (New York) "Islam in the Maghrib and Maghribi Islam", in Rosander E.E. and Westerlund D. (1997)(eds), Islam in Africa and African Islam, Hurst and Co (London) "The European Union and the Maghrib", Gillespie R. (ed)(1994), Mediterranean Yearbook, Pinter Press (London) “Political dynamics in North Africa,” International Affairs, 85, 4 (September 2009) “Informal networks in North Africa”, in Jones D.M., Lane A. and Schulte P. (eds) (2010), Terrorism, security and the power of informal networks, Edward Elgar “Radicalism, extremism and government in North Africa”, in Siniver A. (2010)(ed), International Terrorism post 9/11: Comparative Dynamics and Responses, Routledge (London) “A Primavera Árabe no Norte de África: origens e perspectivas de futuro,” Relações Internacionais, 30 (Jun 2011) “The Arab Spring : origins and prospects,” Journal of North African Studies, 17, 4 (December 2011)

Africa "Chad and Libya": Review of African Political Economy, 21, Spring 1981 "The International Consequences of the Civil War in Chad": Review of African Political Economy, 25, September-December 1982 "Islam in Africa" in Moloney S, (ed)(1989) Handbooks to the Modern World: Africa, Facts on File Publications (Oxford) "The current situation in Chad: Habre tries to win the peace": Current History, April 1990 "Chad: power vacuum or geo-political focus?", in Griffiths I., Hodder B.W., McLachlan K.S. and Schofield R.N. (eds)(1996), The geography of the landlocked states of Africa and Asia, UCL Press (London) "Islamist protest in Egypt", in Gillespie R. (ed)(1996), Mediterranean Politics, 2, Pinter Press (London) "The Islamist threat to Egypt", in Chapman S. (ed)(1996), The Middle East


and North Africa 1996, Europa Publications (London) “The future of the Middle East and Egypt,” in Marr P. (1999)(ed), Egypt at the crossroads: domestic stability and regional role, National Defense University Press (Washington DC); 171-193

Asia and Europe "Islam in Asia and the Soviet Union", in Taylor R. (ed)(1990), Handbooks to the Modern World: Asia and the Pacific, Facts on File Publications (Oxford) "European security and the new arc of crisis", in IISS (1992), New dimensions in international security, Part 1, Adelphi Papers 265, Brassey's, London "Nationalities and borders in Transcaucasia and the Northern Caucasus", in Wright J.F.R., Goldenberg S. & Schofield R.N. (eds)(1996), Transcaucasian boundaries, UCL Press (London) "Muslims in the Balkans", in Carter F. and Norris H.T. (1996), The changing shape of the Western Balkans, UCL Press (London) “Jacques Chirac and France’s Middle East policy”, Japanese Review of Middle East Economies, 29 (Summer 1995) “The East Asian crisis”, Geopolitics and International Boundaries, 2, 3 (1997) “Confrontational mutual perceptions and images: Orientalism and Occidentalism in Europe and the Islamic world,” International Spectator (European challenges of migration and integration) 42, 2 (April-June 2007) “Europe and Islam: partnership or peripheral dependence?” in Wright W. (ed)(2007), The geopolitics of European Union enlargement, Routledge (London) “The Lisbon Strategy and the Southern Mediterranean”, Estrategia, 22-23 (1˚ Semestre 2007)

Morocco "Local society in Morocco on the eve of European occupation - the southern Jbala in 1911", Revue de l'histoire maghrebine, 25-26, June 1982, 51-64 "The Moroccan nationalist movement: Istiqlal, the sultan and the country"


Journal of African History, 26, (1985) "Morocco: monarchy, legitimacy and succession": Third World Quarterly, 10, (1), January 1988 "The International Court of Justice and the Western Sahara dispute" in Lawless R. and Monahan L., (eds)(1987) Refugees and Conflict in the Western Sahara, Frances Pinter (London) "Khattara and other forms of gravity-fed irrigation in Morocco", in Beaumont, P., Bonine, M. and McLachlan K. S. (eds)(1989), Qanat, Kariz and Khattara, Menas Press (Wisbech) "The zawiya of Wazzan, relations between shurafa and tribe up to 1860", in Joffé E.G.H. & Pennell C.R. (eds)(1991), Tribe and state; essays in honour of David Montgomery Hart, Menas Press (Wisbech) "The zawiya of Wazzan, relations between shurafa and tribe at the advent of colonial occupation", in Groupe Pluridisciplinaire d'Etude sur les Jbala (1991), Jbala - histoire et société; etudes sur le Maroc du Nord-Ouest, Editions du CNRS-Wallada (Rabat) "Self-determination and uti possidetis: the Western Sahara and the "Lost Provinces", in Beschorner N., Gould St.J B. and McLachlan K.S. (eds)(1991), Sovereignty, territoriality and international boundaries in South Asia, South west Asia and the Mediterranean basin, GIBRS-SOAS (London) "The political economy of privatisation in Morocco", Morocco, 1, (1991) "Urban-rural relationships: the cases of Wazzan and Tangier", in Bendaoud A. & Maniar M. (eds) (1991), Tanger 1800-1956: Contribution à l'histoire recente du Maroc, Université Mohammed V, Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines, et Université Abdelmalek Es-Saadi, Ecole Roi Fahd de Traduction (Tangier) "The Western Sahara conflict" in Furley O. (ed)(1995), Conflict in Africa, Lewis Crooke/I.B. Tauris (London) "The role of tariqa-s in the French penetration of Morocco", Morocco, 3 (1993) "Elections and reform in Morocco", in Gillespie Mediterranean Yearbook, Pinter Press (London)



"Walter Harris and the imperial vision of Morocco", in Benhaddou M (ed)(1996), Morocco in British writings, Université Abdelmalek Essaadi (Tetouan-Morocco)


"Self-determination and uti possidetis: the Western Sahara and the "Lost Provinces", Morocco, 1(NS), (1996) “Morocco’s reform process: wider implications”, Mediterranean Politics, 14, 2 (July 2009); 151-165 “Sovereignty and the Western Sahara,” Journal of North African Studies, 15, 3 (September 2010)

Libya "The French occupation of the western Jefara and the village of Dehibat 1890-1891": Libyan Studies, 15, 1984 "Local Society and colonial expansion in the Jafara Plain", in Joffé E.G.H. and McLachlan K.S. (eds)(1982) Social and Economic Development of Libya, Menas Press (Wisbech) "Islamic opposition in Libya": Third World Quarterly, 10, (2), April 1988 "The role of Islam" in Lemarchand R (ed)(1988), The Green and the Black: a study of Libyan foreign policy, Indiana UP (Indiana) "Libya: regional history and regional and national borders", in Allan J.A., McLachlan, K.S. & Buru, M.M. (eds)(1989), Libya: state and region, a study of regional evolution, SOAS-CNMES (London) "Libya", in Sluglett P. and Farouk-Sluglett M. (eds)(1991), The Middle East: the Arab world and its neighbours, Times Books (London) "Revolution and religion: Qadhafi and Islam since 1969", in Vandewalle D. (ed)(1995), The Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah: twenty years of revolution, St Martins Press (New York) “Reflections on the role of the Sanusi in the Central Sahara”, Journal of North African Studies, 1, 1 (Summer 1996) “La Libye et l’Europe”, Maghreb-Mashrek: Monde Arabe, 167, Summer 2001 “Libya and Europe”, Journal of North African Studies, 6, 4 (Winter 2001) “Libya’s Saharan destiny”, Journal of North African Studies, 10, 3-4 (September-December 2005)


“Prodigal or pariah: foreign policy in Libya”, in Vandewalle D (2008)(ed), Libya since 1969: Qadhafi’s revolution revisited, Palgrave (New York) (with Paoletti E.)(2010), The foreign policy process in Libya, German Marshall Fund (Washington DC) “The role of tribalism in Libya” (consultancy report)(November 2010) “The end of autocracy? The seeds of Libya’s civil war,” RUSI Journal (June 2011) “Libya and the European Union: shared interests?”, Journal of North African Studies, Special Issue: Libya and the wider world, (June 2011)

Algeria "Algeria: the failure of dialogue", The Middle East and North Africa 1995, Europa Publications (London) “Algeria in the New World Order”, Journal of Algerian Studies, 1 (1996) (with Luis Martinez & Abdulkader Abderrahman) (2000), The Algerian crisis: not over yet! (Africa Report No 24), October 20, 2000, International Crisis Group (Brussels) Algeria’s economy: a vicious circle of oil and violence, (Africa Report No 36) (2001), October 26, 2001, International Crisis Group (Brussels) “The role of violence within the Algerian economy”, Journal of North African Studies, 7, 1 (Spring 2002) “Fanaticism: the Algerian experience” in Hughes M. and Johnson G. (2005)(eds), Fanaticism and conflict in the modern age, Cass (London) “National reconciliation and general amnesty in Algeria”, Mediterranean Politics, 13, 2 (July 2008) “Trajectories of radicalisation: Algeria 1989-1999” in Joffé, George (2011), Islamist radicalisation in North Africa: politics and process, Routledge (London)

Malta "British Malta and the Qaramanli dynasty", Revue d'histoire maghrebine, 37/38 (June 1985) 19

"Trade and migration between Malta and the Barbary states", in Buru M.M., Ghanem S. and McLachlan K.S. (eds)(1985), Planning and Development in Modern Libya, Menas Press (Wisbech) "Relations between Libya, Tunisia and Malta up to the British occupation of Malta", Libyan studies, Society for Libyan Studies, 21, 1990

Annuals and Yearbooks (a) The Annual Register "The Arab states of the Gulf" (since 1987 to 2005) “Saudi Arabia” (since 1994 to 2005) “Yemen” (since 1994 to 2005) “Arab organisations” (since 1994 to 2005) (b) Encyclopaedia Britannica "Algeria" and "Morocco" (since 1978) "Tunisia" (since 1988) (c) Africa Contemporary Record "Chad" (1987/88 to 1994) "Algeria", "Morocco" and "The Western Sahara" 1988/89 to 1994) "Tunisia" (1989/90 to 1994)

Edited works "North Africa nationalisms" The International Journal of Politics, New York, U.S.A., Fall 1977 Joffé E.G.H. and McLachlan K.S. (1982), Social and economic development of Libya, Menas Press (Wisbech) Joffé E.G.H. & Pennell C.R. (1991), Tribe and state; essays in honour of David Montgomery Hart, Menas Press (Wisbech) Joffé E.G.H. (1993), North Africa: nation, state and region, Routledge (London) Aliboni R., Joffé G. and Niblock T. (1996), Security challenges in the Mediterranean region, Cass (London).


Joffé, George (1999), Perspectives on development: the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, Cass (London and Portland, Oregon) Joffé, George and Alvaro Vasconcelos (2000), The Barcelona Process: towards a Mediterranean community, Cass (London and Portland, Oregon) Joffé, George (2001), Jordan in transition: 1990-2000, C. Hurst & Co. (London) Joffé, George (2011), Islamist radicalisation in North Africa: politics and process, Routledge (London) Joffé, George (2011), Islamist Radicalisation In Europe and the Middle East: Reassessing the Causes of Terrorism, I.B. Tauris (London)

Co-authored works (co-author - K.S. McLachlan):The Gulf War, a survey of political issues and economic consequences, EIU (1984) The Gulf War, the next five years, EIU (1987) The Gulf War, building on the stalemate, EIU (1988) (co-author Valerie Viaud):An annotated bibliography of Chad; Clio Press (Oxford)(1997)

December 2011