D63-4-171-1947-eng.pdf - Publications du gouvernement du Canada

all aspects, and its interpretations are not necessarily those of the .... Weekly Summary of Ops and Activities, 2 Cdn Corps, 18 -. 24 Feb 45 ...... south-west Vlere oy no' means static: 'ihile 43 ...... asset is the stauneh·front.h~ has presonted to our.
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• NOTE

This is a preliminary narrative and should not be regarded as authoritative. It has not been checked for accuracy in all aspects, and its interpretations are not necessarily those of the Historical Section as a whole.

Ce texte est pr~liminaire et n'a aucun caract~re afficiel. On n'a pas v~rifi~ son exactitude et les interpretations qulil cantient ne sont pas n~cessairement cel1es du Service historique.

Directorate of History National Defence Headquarters Ottawa, Canada K1A OK2 July 1986

REP 0 R T

NO. 171

'~Ll CE LED'

HISTORICAL 3ECTION CANADIAN I'ILITARY l'2:ADQUARTERS

• • C l·.- I T

... ~

I,

.". _~.....,., DHl) 3-3

The Canadian O__

Operation IiBLOCKBUSTER":

Offensive "est of the Rhine, 26 Feb 23 I.:ar 45 (Preliminary Report)

,~-",:forOH"NDHQ

OBJECT AND PROBr.=

1

GENERAL 'lITUATION

2

TIlE REGROUPING AND PL.t>.N

5

., BLOCKBUSr£[{" GO;;:S IN

11

THE A'l'!'.\CK ON UDE!' AND THE !li1.EAC'lING OF THE HOClf-lAJ,D DEFENC::;S (27 FEB - 1 MAR)

15

THE ENEI:Y SITUATION, 1 MAR 45

21

A V. C. jfOR TIlE ESSEX

22

30 CORPS AND NINTIl U. S. X'l'Y - 1

1~.1\R

EXPLOITATION BY 2 CDI' CORPS, 2, 3

FINAJ. CLE..illrnG OF

TH;~

l'WODED

24

I·~AR

.:'>...-q~.AS,

4 MA...t'(

24

31

THE ENEllY'S LlNE IS 3HO'ITENED

32

TIl:': ATTACKS ON VEEN AND XANTEN

37

"BLOCKBUST'!:R" IS COM?IETED

42

46 A.=ENDICES

::Bli

-

naneral Crerar's Directive, 24 Feb 45.

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Genera: Crerar's Directive, 25 Feb 45. Op "BLOCKBUSTER", Corps Outline Plan.

liOH

Canadian Casualties from 26 Feb - 23 Mar 45, as Com~iled by C. & S. Stats, "irst Canadian Army.

II

Operation "BLOCKBUSTER".

Original Plan.

Operation nBLOCKBUSTERI1.

Course of operations by

:1

liEU

_

2 Cdn Cor~s, 26 Feb - 11 Mar 45 . . elf

Oueration HBLOC T:BUST.6!F.

Course of operations by

Firs t Cam dian :J:my, 26 ceb - 11 ¥Oar 45.



~'t1f>"""'7h=':':: (J798{j~

CONT~TS

.

.,

••

llESTRICTED REPORT

NO.' 171

HISTCjUC"AL SECTICN CANADIAi'l IHLITA-'lY H3AlY'UART3RS Operation "BLOCKBUSTER,I:

The Canadian

Offensive West of the Rhine, 26 Feb 23 ~'ar !5!Preliminary Report) 7leferen.ce

I~aps:

G.S.G.S. 4414, Germany 1/25000, 4202-4, 430~-5,

.4402-5.

1. The present report describes the planning and execution of the 096ration by 2 Cdn Corps during late February and early Larch 1945 to break through the strong German defences west of the Rhine in the Hochwald area. It forms a sequel to Report No. 155 (Operati9n "V"E'llTABLE": Toe Ninter Offensive be~1een the Maas and the Rhine, 8 -

25 :'Ieb 45).

2. Operation :·~3.ITABLE:' had not progressed as favourably as had been preViously ho,ed. Bad weather and stiff resistance had hampered the offensive, which, as such,

was virtually concluded with the final objectives yet to be reached. The momentum had been kept up a~o8t to the second pha5~ of the original plan before it became obvious that the strong ;llay back H defences which blocked the way to the Rhine were, in turn, covered by a series of well sited ~ositions to the west. A separate operation was cloarly necessary and General Crerar dacided to launch it