Daily Lecture and Discussion Notes

J. Sumerian city-states had three classes. The upper class .... A. Ancient Egypt had social classes. ...... in homes made of adobe, or sun-dried mud brick.
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Daily Lecture and Discussion Notes

TO THE TEACHER This Daily Lecture and Discussion Notes booklet provides outlines for each section of Journey Across Time. Each section begins with a short, high-interest “Did You Know” anecdote to grab students’ interest. The main ideas of each subsection are then listed, followed by a discussion question to encourage student participation in classroom activities.

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is granted to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be reproduced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teachers, and families without charge; and be used solely in conjunction with Journey Across Time. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without written permission from the publisher. Send all inquiries to: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8787 Orion Place Columbus, Ohio 43240-4027 ISBN 0-07-824134-0 Printed in the United States of America. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 079 09 08 07 06 05 04

Table of Contents To the Teacher

ii

Unit 1: Early Civilizations Chapter 1: The First Civilizations Daily Lecture Notes 1-1 Daily Lecture Notes 1-2 Daily Lecture Notes 1-3

Early Humans Mesopotamian Civilization The First Empires

1 3 6

Chapter 2: Ancient Egypt Daily Lecture Notes 2-1 Daily Lecture Notes 2-2 Daily Lecture Notes 2-3 Daily Lecture Notes 2-4

The Nile Valley Egypt’s Old Kingdom The Egyptian Empire The Civilization of Kush

8 12 15 18

The First Israelites The Kingdom of Israel The Growth of Judaism

20 23 26

The Early Greeks Sparta and Athens Persia Attacks the Greeks The Age of Pericles

30 33 36 38

The Culture of Ancient Greece Greek Philosophy and History Alexander the Great The Spread of Greek Culture

41 44 46 48

India’s First Civilizations Hinduism and Buddhism India’s First Empires

50 53 55

Chapter 3: The Ancient Israelites Daily Lecture Notes 3-1 Daily Lecture Notes 3-2 Daily Lecture Notes 3-3

Unit 2: The Ancient World Chapter 4: The Ancient Greeks Daily Lecture Notes 4-1 Daily Lecture Notes 4-2 Daily Lecture Notes 4-3 Daily Lecture Notes 4-4

Chapter 5: Greek Civilization Daily Lecture Notes 5-1 Daily Lecture Notes 5-2 Daily Lecture Notes 5-3 Daily Lecture Notes 5-4

Chapter 6: Early India Daily Lecture Notes 6-1 Daily Lecture Notes 6-2 Daily Lecture Notes 6-3

iii

Table of Contents Chapter 7: Early China Daily Lecture Notes 7-1 Daily Lecture Notes 7-2 Daily Lecture Notes 7-3

China’s First Civilizations Life in Ancient China The Qin and Han Dynasties

58 61 63

Unit 3: New Empires and New Faiths Chapter 8: The Rise of Rome Daily Lecture Notes 8-1 Daily Lecture Notes 8-2 Daily Lecture Notes 8-3 Daily Lecture Notes 8-4

Rome’s Beginnings The Roman Republic The Fall of the Republic The Early Empire

66 68 70 73

Life in Ancient Rome The Fall of Rome The Byzantine Empire

75 78 81

Chapter 9: Roman Civilization Daily Lecture Notes 9-1 Daily Lecture Notes 9-2 Daily Lecture Notes 9-3

Chapter 10: The Rise of Christianity Daily Lecture Notes 10-1 Daily Lecture Notes 10-2 Daily Lecture Notes 10-3

The First Christians The Christian Church The Spread of Christian Ideas

84 86 88

The Rise of Islam Islamic Empires Muslim Ways of Life

91 94 97

Chapter 11: Islamic Civilization Daily Lecture Notes 11-1 Daily Lecture Notes 11-2 Daily Lecture Notes 11-3

Unit 4: The Middle Ages Chapter 12: China in the Middle Ages Daily Lecture Notes 12-1 Daily Lecture Notes 12-2 Daily Lecture Notes 12-3 Daily Lecture Notes 12-4

iv

China Reunites Chinese Society The Mongols in China The Ming Dynasty

100 103 106 108<