National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 65, Number 4
June 30, 2016 This report was updated on April 3, 2017 to correct errors. Changes appear in the highlighted areas in Tables B, E, 9–19, 21, I–1, I–2, and in the text on page 12. A summary of the changes can be found in the Technical Notes.
Deaths: Final Data for 2014 by Kenneth D. Kochanek, M.A., Sherry L. Murphy, B.S., Jiaquan Xu, M.D., and Betzaida Tejada-Vera, M.S., Division of Vital Statistics
Objectives—This report presents final 2014 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends, by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, state of residence, and cause of death. Methods—Information reported on death certificates, which are completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical exam iners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical infor mation is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the National Center for Health Statistics. Causes of death are processed in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. Results—In 2014, a total of 2,626,418 deaths were reported in the United States. The age-adjusted death rate was 724.6 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population, a decrease of 1% from the 2013 rate and a record low figure. Life expectancy at birth was 78.8 years, unchanged since 2012. Life expectancy increased for black males, Hispanic males and females, and non-Hispanic black males, while it decreased for non-Hispanic white females from 2013 to 2014. Agespecific death rates decreased in 2014 from 2013 for age groups 1–4, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and over. Age-specific death rates increased for age groups 25–34, 35–44, and 55–64. The 15 leading causes of death in 2014 remained the same as in 2013. The infant mortality rate decreased 2.3% in 2014 from 2013 to a historically record low value of 5.82 deaths per 1,000 live births. Conclusions—The decline in the age-adjusted death rate to a record low value for the United States is consistent with long-term trends in mortality. Although life expectancy for the total population remained unchanged since 2012, life expectancy for non-Hispanic white females decreased from 2013 to 2014.
Mortality experience in 2014
Keywords: mortality • cause of death • life expectancy • vital
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In 2014, a total of 2,626,418 resident deaths were registered in the United States. The age-adjusted death rate, which accounts for the aging of the population, was 724.6 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard population. Life expectancy at birth was 78.8 years. The 15 leading causes of death in 2014 were: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
Diseases of heart (heart disease) Malignant neoplasms (cancer) Chronic lower respiratory diseases Accidents (unintentional injuries) Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) Alzheimer’s disease Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) Influenza and pneumonia Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease) Intentional self-harm (suicide) Septicemia Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal dis ease (hypertension) Parkinson’s disease Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids
In 2014, the infant mortality rate was 5.82 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. The 10 leading causes of infant death were: 1. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromo somal abnormalities (congenital malformations) 2. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified (low birth weight)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Health Statistics
National Vital Statistics System