National Vital Statistics Reports Volume 63, Number 3
July 27, 2015
Deaths: Final Data for 2011 by Kenneth D. Kochanek, M.A.; Sherry L. Murphy, B.S.; and Jiaquan Xu, M.D., Division of Vital Statistics
Objectives—This report presents final 2011 data on U.S. deaths, death rates, life expectancy, infant mortality, and trends by selected characteristics such as age, sex, Hispanic origin, race, state of residence, and cause of death. Methods—Information reported on death certificates, which is completed by funeral directors, attending physicians, medical exam iners, and coroners, is presented in descriptive tabulations. The original records are filed in state registration offices. Statistical information is compiled in a national database through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. Causes of death are processed in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. Results—In 2011, a total of 2,515,458 deaths were reported in the United States. The age-adjusted death rate was 741.3 deaths per 100,000 standard population, a decrease of 0.8% from the 2010 rate and a record low figure. Life expectancy at birth in 2011 was unchanged from 2010 at 78.7 years. Age-specific death rates decreased in 2011 from 2010 for age groups under 1 year, 65–74, 75–84, and 85 and over. Age-specific death rates increased for age groups 25–34 and 45–54. The leading causes of death in 2011 remained the same as in 2010, although two causes exchanged ranks. Kidney disease, the eighth leading cause in 2010, became the ninth leading cause in 2011, while Influenza and pneumonia, the ninth leading cause in 2010, became the eighth leading cause of death in 2011. The infant mortality rate of 6.07 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2011 was a historically low value. Conclusion—The decline of the age-adjusted death rate to a record low value for the United States is consistent with long-term trends in mortality.
Mortality experience in 2011
Keywords: mortality • cause of death • life expectancy • vital statistics
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In 2011, a total of 2,515,458 resident deaths were registered in the United States. The age-adjusted death rate, which accounts for the aging of the population, was 741.3 deaths per 100,000 U.S. standard popu lation. Life expectancy at birth was 78.7 years. The 15 leading causes of death in 2011 were: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
Diseases of heart (heart disease) Malignant neoplasms (cancer) Chronic lower respiratory diseases Cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) Accidents (unintentional injuries) Alzheimer’s disease Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) Influenza and pneumonia Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis (kidney disease) Intentional self-harm (suicide) Septicemia Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease (hypertension) Parkinson’s disease Pneumonitis due to solids and liquids
In 2011, the infant mortality rate was 6.07 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. The 10 leading causes of infant death were: 1. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromo somal abnormalities (congenital malformations)
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Health Statistics
National Vital Statistics System
National Vital Statistics Reports, Vol. 63, No. 3, July 27, 2015
2. Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified (low birth weight) 3. Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) 4. Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy (maternal complications) 5. Accidents (unintentional injuries) 6. Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes (cord and placental complications)