Definitieve Master Thesis Cynthia Warringa-van Genderen s0712779 ...

Jun 15, 2005 - Email: [email protected]hotmail.com. Studentnumber: s0712779. Supervisor: Pr. Dr. K.J.P.F.M. Jeurgens. Institute for History. University of ...
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MASTER THESIS ARCHIVAL STUDIES

The Right to Know A Comparative Legal Survey of Access to Official Information in Different Countries

Cynthia Warringa van Genderen Philips van Nassaustraat 17 4254 DE Sleeuwijk Tel. 06-30621502 Email: [email protected] Studentnumber: s0712779 Supervisor: Pr. Dr. K.J.P.F.M. Jeurgens Institute for History University of Leiden June 24, 2013

Table of Contents List of abbreviations…………………………………………………………...………………………3 List of tables and figures………………………………………………………………………………4

Chapter one: Introduction and research methods…………………………………………………...5 1.1 General introduction and context of the research subject………………………………………...5 1.2 Research question, goals and related studies no FOI…………………………………………….8 1.3 Sub questions and methodology………………………………………………………..…….....10 1.4 Terminology and central concepts…………………………………………………………........13 1.5. Explanatory note on the concepts of government bodies and public authorities……………….13 Chapter two: Legal Foundations of the Right to Know……………………………………………15 2.1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………..15 2.2. Towards a new world-view……………………………………………………………………..16 2.3. The autonomy of the written word……………………………………………………………...17 2.4. The concepts of publicness and freedom of the press .…………………………………………18 2.5. The evolution of the principle of public access..………………………………………………..19 2.6. FOI around the world…………………………………………………………………………...22 Chapter three: the Netherlands……………………………………………………………………...25 3.1 The road to FOI legislation……………………………………………………………………...25 3.2. Jurisprudiction: legislation on FOI………………… …………………………………………..27 3.2.1. The scope of the WOB of 1991 and the PRA of 1995…………………………………27 3.2.2. Rights and obligations of the public and the government…………………………………...29 3.2.3. Procedures when making a request for information…………………………………………31 3.2.4. Exemptions and exceptions…………………………………………..……………………...32 3.3. The Practice: access to information in reality…………………………………………...……...33 3.3.1. Access under the PRA of 1995………………………………………………………………34 3.3.2. Access under the WOB of 1991……………………………………………………………..34 Chapter four: the United Kingdom……………………………………………………………......37 4.1 The road to FOI legislation……………………………………………………………………...37 4.2. Jurisprudiction: legislation on FOI………………… …………………………………………..38 4.2.1 The scope of the PRA of 1958/1967 and the Freedom of Information Act of 2000…………38 4.2.2. Rights and obligations of the public and the government……………………………….......40 4.2.3. Procedures when making a request for information…………………………………………40 4.2.4. Exemptions and exceptions………………………….……………………………………....41 4.3. The Practice: access to information in reality………………………………………………….42 4.3.1. Access under the FOIA of 2000……………………………………………………………..42 1

Chapter five: India…………………………………………………………………….......................45 5.1 The road to FOI legislation……………………………………………………………………...45 5.2. Jurisprudiction: legislation on FOI………………… …………………………………………..47 5.2.1. The scope of the Right to Information Act of 2005 and the PRA of 1993………...………..47 5.2.2. Rights and obligations of the public and the government…………………………………...48 5.2.3. Procedures when making a request for information…………………………………………49 5.2.4. Exemptions and exceptions……………………………………………………………….....50 5.3. The Practice: access to information in reality………………………………………………......51 5.3.1. Access under the RTIA 2005………………………………………………………………..51 3.3.2. Access under the PRA of 1993……………………………………………………………...53 Chapter six: Indonesia……………………………………………………………….........................54 6.1 The road to FOI legislation……………………………………………………………………...54 6.2. Jurisprudiction: legislation on FOI………………… …………………………………………..54 6.2.1. The scope of the UUKIP 2008 and the PRA of 2009 ………................................................55 6.2.2. Rights and obligations of the public and the government…………………………………...57 6.2.3. Procedures when making a request for information…………………………………………59 6.2.4. Exemptions and exceptions……………………………………………………………….....60 6.3. The Pract