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Design for Public Good
Supported by the European Commission
Design for Public Good Author country profiles
Author country profiles Denmark Danish design rests on a long-standing democratic and human-centred tradition that addresses systems, processes and products from the bottom up. Design has the highest turnover growth among Danish creative sector industries (2003-2010). The government launched the world’s first national design policy in 1997 and recently launched a comprehensive growth plan for creative industries and design. This continues support for design as a key driver of innovation. The Danish Design Centre was established in 1978, and has from the beginning focused on promoting design and the value of design for Danish industry. It has played a key part in the creation of design policy from 1997. In 2013, it launched a radical new strategy of cooperation with the design field, business, industry, research and education.
Finland The Finnish organisation for design promotion is the Design Forum Finland. Design has been on the national agenda since SITRA, the Finnish Innovation Fund, was founded 1967. In 2008, design was written into the definition of innovation in the National Innovation Strategy and made an essential part of the National Innovation System. The National Innovation Policy will soon include userdriven innovation. Helsinki was World Design Capital for 2012 and ran Open Helsinki – Embedded Design in Life. The National Innovation Policy actionplan used this as an opportunity to pilot public service design. The learning from the world design capital experience was written into the renewed national design policy “Design Finland”. The new design policy specifies four visions of wider-scale strategic design use and learning, aiming to increase investment in design capabilities and learning over the period to 2020.
UK The UK design industry is the largest in Europe and one of the strongest globally. NESTA estimates £23bn is spent on design in the UK annually, while Imperial College put the figure at £33.5bn for 2011. Design Council research shows that, despite the recession, the industry grew by 29% between 2005 and 2010. The Design Council was founded in 1944, then under the name the Council of Industrial Design. Today, design plays an important role in UK innovation and competitiveness. In 2011 the Innovation and Research Strategy for Growth (2011), published by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, put innovation at the heart of the UK government strategy for economic growth and rebalancing, with design given a central role. Design is also recognised in the UK National Planning Policy Framework (2011) as a vital part of sustainable development and the Independent Review of Competitiveness (2012) is informed by the considerable potential for design to support both government and business and bolster UK competitiveness. At both local and central government level in the UK, design is playing an increasingly important role in service development and delivery and there is growing interest in its use for policymaking.
Wales In 2008, design represented the largest proportion of the Welsh creative industries both in employment and gross value added.1 The Welsh Government has provided design support to companies in Wales through the Design Advisory Service since 1994. Design Wales, part of the National Centre for Product Design and Development Research at Cardiff Metropolitan University, was established in 1994. In 2010, the “Design for Innovation in Wales” manifesto was adopted unanimously by the National Assembly for Wales. This resulted in design forming part of Wales’s 2010 innovation policy and the 2013 Innovation Strategy for Wales. Two new programmes resulted: the Serv