Digital Inclusion - Digital Divide Data

Mark Surman, Corina Gardner & David Ascher Local Content & Smartphones. Emrys Schoemaker The ... at Digitizing Local Content. Abigail Steinberg is a strategist at Digital Divide Data, and her work spans their .... oping economies: lack of entry-level employment in a structured, merit-based set- ting that offers a stable ...
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innovations

Special Issue

A quarterly journal published by MIT Press

TECHNOLOGY | GOVERNANCE | GLOBALIZATION

Digital Inclusion The Vital Role of Local Content

Lead Essays

Christopher Burns and Jonathan Dolan Building a Foundation for Digital Inclusion Mark Graham Inequitable Distributions in Internet Geographies Matthew Guilford To the Next Billion Case Narratives

Sara Chamberlain A Mobile Guide Toward Better Health Kerry Harwin and Rikin Gandhi A Social Network for Farmer Training Analysis and Perspectives on Policy Mark Surman, Corina Gardner & David Ascher Local Content & Smartphones Emrys Schoemaker The Mobile Web Lesley-Anne Long, Sara Chamberlain & Kirsten Gagnaire The 80-20 Debate Marco Veremis Hyper-Local Content Is Key—Especially Social Media Abigail Steinberg, Peres Were & Amolo Ng’weno Democratizing Legal Information Across Africa Ravi Chhatpar and Robert Fabricant Digital Design for Emerging Markets Iris Orriss The Internet’s Language Barrier Kul Wadhwa & Howie Fung Converting Western Internet to Indigenous Internet ENTREPRENEURIAL SOLUTIONS TO GLOBAL CHALLENGES

innovations

TECHNOLOGY | GOVERNANCE | GLOBALIZATION Foreword 3

Toward a More Inclusive Digital Economy Dr. Rajiv Shah and Priya Jaisinghani

7

Building a Foundation for Digital Inclusion: A Coordinated Local Content Ecosystem Christopher Burns and Jonathan Dolan

Lead Essays

17

Inequitable Distributions in Internet Geographies: The Global South Is Gaining Access, but Lags in Local Content Mark Graham

35

To the Next Billion: Mobile Network Operators and the Content Distribution Value Chain Matthew Guilford

Case Narratives 47

Mobile Kunji A Mobile Guide Toward Better Health: How Mobile Kunji is Improving Birth Outcomes in Bihar, India Sara Chamberlain

57

Digital Green A Rural Video-Based Social Network for Farmer Training Kerry Harwin and Rikin Gandhi

Analysis 67

Local Content, Smartphones, and Digital Inclusion: Will the Next Billion Consumers Also Be Contributors to the Mobile Web? Mark Surman, Corina Gardner, and David Ascher

79

The Mobile Web: Amplifying, But Not Creating, Changemakers Emrys Schoemaker Special Issue

91

The 80-20 Debate: Framework or Fiction? How Much Development Work is Standardized Across Geographies, and How Much is Customized for Local Conditions? Lesley-Anne Long, Sara Chamberlain, and Kirsten Gagnaire

101

Hyper-Local Content Is Key—Especially Social Media: A Cross-Country Comparison of Mobile Content in Brazil, China, India and Nigeria Marco Veremis

Perspectives on Policy 107

Democratizing Legal Information Across Africa: An Inside Look at Digitizing Local Content in Africa Abigail Steinberg, Peres Were, and Amolo Ng’weno

117

Digital Design for Emerging Markets: Beyond Textual and Technical Literacy to Cultural

Fluency

Ravi Chhatpar and Robert Fabricant 127

The Internet’s Language Barrier Iris Orriss

131

Converting Western Internet to Indigenous Internet: Lessons from Wikipedia Kul Wadhwa and Howie Fung

About Innovations Innovations is about entrepreneurial solutions to global challenges. The journal features cases authored by exceptional innovators; commentary and research from leading academics; and essays from globally recognized executives and political leaders. The journal is jointly hosted at George Mason University's School of Public Policy, Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, and MIT's Legatum Center for Development and Entrepreneurship.

Abigail Steinberg, Peres Were, and Amolo Ng’weno

Democratizing Legal Information Across Africa

An Inside Look at Digitizing Local Content Wanjiku’s