Disaster Risk Reduction - GFDRR

Disaster risk reduction in post-disaster recovery is about 'building back better,' in ..... what needs to be changed to ensure replication of good practices and avoid ...... the International Recovery Platform website (instructions to access this is on ...
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CROSS-CUTTING SECTOR

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

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DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

CONTENTS n ABBREVIATIONS 1 n INTRODUCTION 2 n THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS

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n BASELINE INFORMATION SECTOR OVERVIEW

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n ASSESSMENT OF DISASTER EFFECTS

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n ASSESSING PERFORMANCE OF THE DRR SYSTEM

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n ASSESSMENT OF DISASTER IMPACT

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n ENSURING RESILIENT SECTORAL RECOVERY: BUILDING BACK BETTER

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n THE DRR RECOVERY STRATEGY

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n REFERENCES 26 n ANNEXES 26

ABBREVIATIONS

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BBB

Build Back Better

CBO

Community-Based Organisations

CSO

Civil Society Organisations

DALA

Damage and Loss Assessment

DRM

Disaster Risk Management

DRR

Disaster Risk Reduction

EU

European Union

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GFDRR

Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery

HCT

UN Humanitarian Country Team

HDI

Human Development Index

HFA

Hyogo Framework for Action

HRNA

Human Recovery Needs Assessment

IASC

Inter-Agency Standing Committee

IFIS

International Finance Institutions

MDG

Millennium Development Goals

MDTF

Multi-Donor Trust Fund

NGO

Non-Governmental Organisation

PDNA

Post-Disaster Needs Assessment

PRSP

Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

RF

Recovery Framework

RS

Recovery Strategy

TOR

Terms of Reference

UN

United Nations

UNCT

United Nations Country Team

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

UNDAF

United Nations Development Assistance Framework

UNISDR

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION

INTRODUCTION This chapter is intended to guide the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) assessment team in the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA). The guidance provided is for assessing DRR from the broader perspective as it relates to recovery planning and response, and does not include sector-specific DRR considerations such as livelihoods, education, health, land and property, etc. This sector-specific guidance is available in the sectoral chapters of the present PDNA Volume B, which should be used as additional references. DRR is understood (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction [ISDR] Terminology) as “the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyse and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.” Disaster risk reduction in post-disaster recovery is about ‘building back better,’ in line with the following strategic goal of The Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA): The systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into the implementation of emergency preparedness, response and recovery programs. The 2004 UNDP global report "Reducing Disaster Risk: a Challenge to Development" notes “the importance of using disaster response and recovery periods as opportunities for reflecting on the root causes of disaster, and recasting development priorities to reduce human vulnerability and natural hazard. Simply reinventing pre-disaster c