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New market participants. TSOs crossborder coordination. INTEGRATING WIND INTO. THE ENERGY SYSTEM. Getting more wind in the grid at lower cost. RENEWABLES. WORK TOGETHER. TURBINE. DESIGNS. MARKET DESIGN &. TSO COOPERATION. STORAGE. SOLUTIONS. DEMAND. MANAGEMENT. SYSTEM.
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INTEGRATING WIND INTO THE ENERGY SYSTEM Getting more wind in the grid at lower cost

TURBINE DESIGNS

MARKET DESIGN & TSO COOPERATION

RENEWABLES WORK TOGETHER

STORAGE SOLUTIONS

SYSTEM INTEGRATION COST REDUCTION

DEMAND MANAGEMENT

NEW TURBINE DESIGNS

Nameplate Capacity

EIFFEL TOWER: 324m

ARE MORE SYSTEM-FRIENDLY, LEADING TO HIGHER CAPACITY FACTORS AND SMOOTHER OUTPUTS

Hub Height

OFFSHORE 2025

Rotor Diameter

15 MW 150m 240m

ONSHORE 2017

Low wind speeds Lower energy density

2

(Generator to rotor ratio (W/m )

The network capacity is better utilised, leading to lower network costs Forecast errors are reduced, leading to lower balancing costs Power production is more evenly distributed, leading to higher market value

2-5 MW 100m 100-140m STATUE OF LIBERTY: 93m

1990 0.3 MW 30m 33m

MARKET DESIGN AND SYSTEM OPERATORS’ COOPERATION

Intraday market Share of reserves among TSOs New market participants TSOs crossborder coordination

The German balancing paradox Balancing reserves (GW)

LEADS TO LOWER BALANCING RESERVES COSTS, EVEN WITH HIGHER SHARE OF RENEWABLES

Since 2008, balancing reserves in Germany decreased by 20%, and their costs by 70% while wind and solar capacity tripled. 6

90

4

60

2

30

0

2008

2009

0 2010

2011

2012

Balancing reserves (GW)

2013

2014

Wind and solar capacity (GW)

Larger blades and higher towers

2015

Wind and solar (GW)

Source: Neon

RENEWABLES COMPLEMENT EACH OTHER

WINTER MONTHS

Spain 2017

TWh

DAILY, MONTHLY AND SEASONALLY

SUMMER MONTHS

7 6

Winter months are characterised by high wind resources while summer months present lower value. Solar PV resources have opposite attributes and thus are complementary.

5 4 3 2 1 0 JAN

FEB

MAR

DEMAND MANAGEMENT OFFERS GREAT FLEXIBILITY POTENTIAL

APR

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

100 GW 20 GW Demand response ACTIVATED TODAY

Source: European Commission

COMPETITIVE STORAGE SOLUTIONS

Demand response POTENTIAL TODAY

Demand response POTENTIAL in 2030

As demand for batteries is going up, storage costs are going down $/kWh

Demand for batteries is booming. And battery storage costs are decreasing rapidly. This will enable the uptake of electro-mobility and the use of storage in colocation with wind farms, solar plants or as stand-alone grid components.

MWh

900

16,000

800

14,000

700

12,000

600

10,000

500 8,000

400

6,000

300 200

4,000

100

2,000

0

2011

2012

Sources: Prices: BNEF; Market growth: WindEurope based on various sources (Delta E&E, Mc Kinsey, press statements)

2013

2014

2015

Price ($/KWh)

2016

2017

2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024

Battery market (Mobile & Stationary) (MWh)

WIND SHARE OF DEMAND IN 2017 11.6%

EU-28

44%

24%

Denmark Portugal

24%

DEC

160 GW

ALTHOUGH A COMPETITIVE SOLUTION, TODAY IT REMAINS LARGELY U