GAZA CRISIS: EARLY WARNING INDICATORS - December 2017 A series of measures implemented by the Palestinian Authority since March 2017, following an escalation in the internal Palestinian divide, have led to a deterioration in the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip. Against the backdrop of 10 years of Israel’s land, air and sea blockade, these measures have exacerbated Gaza’s energy crisis, resulting in increasing outages, worsened the salary crisis in the public sector, increased the shortage of essential drugs and delayed the referral of patients for medical treatment outside Gaza. These developments have impacted the availability of essential services and the livelihoods of Gaza’s two million residents. The following indicators were identiﬁed by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) to monitor the evolution of the crisis, trigger humanitarian action and prevent further deterioration. Despite an agreement signed in October 2017 between Fatah and Hamas, by the end of 2017 the humanitarian situation remains extremely fragile. FUEL RESERVES LEVEL AT CRITICAL FACILITIES (IN # OF DAYS)
EMERGENCY FUEL To allow for the maintenance of a minimum level of critical services, humanitarian agencies provide emergency fuel to health, water and sanitation, and solid waste collection facilities, to run backup generators and vehicles. The number of facilities beneﬁting from this support has increased from 189 at the beginning of the crisis in March of this year, to 248 since September.
GAPS IN EMERGENCY FUEL DELIVERIES (IN MILLION LITRES ) * Estimated need
Avg Jan 2016
2016 Jan Feb Mar
1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95
Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
*Gaps have been affected by both funding shortages and logistical constraints.
AVERAGE PRICE OF TOMATO (ILS/KG)
VOLUME OF CLEAN WATER PRODUCED BY WATER DESALINIZATION PLANTS PER MONTH ( (THOUSAND CUBIC METRES)*
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