Educational Exclusion - GLSEN

safe schools for all students. ... Graphic design: Ace Creative ..... experiences that different groups of students have in our schools” and called for greater action ...
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Educational Exclusion Drop Out, Push Out, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline among LGBTQ Youth

A Report from GLSEN | www.glsen.org

Educational Exclusion Drop Out, Push Out, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline among LGBTQ Youth Project Staff: Neal A. Palmer, Ph.D Emily A Greytak, Ph.D Joseph G. Kosciw, Ph.D

A Report from GLSEN | www.glsen.org

National Headquarters 110 William St. New York, NY 10038 Ph: 212-727-0135 Fax: 212-727-0254 DC Policy Office 1001 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 206 Washington, DC 20036 Ph: 202-347-7780 Fax: 202-347-7781 [email protected] www.glsen.org © 2016 GLSEN ISBN 978-1-934092-18-7 When referencing this document, we recommend the following citation: GLSEN (2016). Educational exclusion: Drop out, push out, and school-to-prison pipeline among LGBTQ youth. New York: GLSEN. GLSEN (the Gay, Lesbian & Straight Education Network) is the leading national education organization focused on ensuring safe schools for all students. Established in 1990, GLSEN envisions a world in which every child learns to respect and accept all people, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity/expression. GLSEN seeks to develop school climates where difference is valued for the positive contribution it makes to creating a more vibrant and diverse community. For more information on our educator resources, research, public policy agenda, student leadership programs, or development initiatives, visit www.glsen.org. Graphic design: Ace Creative Quotes throughout are from students’ responses to open-ended questions in the survey. Electronic versions of this report and all other GLSEN research reports are available at www.glsen.org/research.

EDUCATIONAL EXCLUSION

Table of Contents Preface..................................................................................................................................... v Acknowledgments..................................................................................................................... vi Executive Summary................................................................................................................. vii Introduction.............................................................................................................................. 1 Methods And Sample................................................................................................................. 5 Results..................................................................................................................................... 9 School Discipline..................................................................................................................................11 Dropping Out of School........................................................................................................................17 Justice System Involvement..................................................................................................................21 Demographic Differences in School Discipline, Dropping Out, and Justice System Involvement.............25 Discussion.............................................................................................................................. 31 Limitations...........................................................................................................................................33 Conclusions & Recommendations........................................................................................................33 Notes And References.............................................................................................................. 41

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List of Tables and Figures Table 1

Characteristics of Survey Participants..................................................................................8

Table 2

Characteristics of Survey Participants’ Schools.....................................................................8