English in Chile.pdf - Education Intelligence | British Council

May 1, 2015 - 20. ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING ANALYSIS. 26 ...... access to the Internet and social media or social status, and very few respondents ...
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Education Intelligence

English in Chile An examination of policy, perceptions and influencing factors

May 2015

English in Chile

Contents

INTRODUCTION

4

METHODOLOGY

5

KEY FINDINGS

8

MACRO ANALYSIS

9

Education governance

9

Education indicators

12

Government policy on English language learning

20

ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING ANALYSIS

26

Macro evaluation of English learners

26

Public education

27

Private education

28

English in higher education

29

Provision of private English language training

32

Self-access English language learning

33

International English language evaluation

34

ENGLISH LEARNING MOTIVATIONS

36

Respondents

36

Motivations for studying English

40

English proficiency

41

Barriers to studying English

45

Views of learning English

47

Value of learning English

49

EMPLOYER DEMAND FOR ENGLISH

49

Employer profile

49

Management profile

50

Employer use of English

52

Employers’ views on English language learning

55

2

English in Chile

FACTORS AFFECTING ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING

58

Size and geography

58

Education and English reforms

58

Teacher training

59

Economic development

59

Income inequality

60

English testing

62

Technology

62

Exposure to English

62

Attitudes and motivations

63

Employability

64

OPPORTUNITIES

65

CONCLUSION

66

3

English in Chile

Introduction

Chile is one of Latin America’s most stable and prosperous nations. Its economy was the fastest growing in the region in the 1990s, reflecting effective economic policies, and Chile has weathered recent regional economic instability well. Despite economic growth, significant income and wealth inequality is a persistent challenge. Chile is the world’s largest producer of copper and is keen to diversify away from this industry by internationalising and creating a more globally competitive workforce. Cultural diversity is also significant, and indigenous people comprise approximately 4.6 per cent of the population.1 Reforms in the post-Pinochet era have aimed to create opportunities for all, including universal access to quality education.

1

“Indigenous people in Chile.” 2011. Retrieved at http://indigenousnews.org/indigenous-peoples/chile/

4

English in Chile

Methodology

Phase 1

Desk research and secondary data collection In Phase 1 we worked with local language analysts to compile extensive background information on the local education and policy environment. An audit of secondary data sources framed the structure and design of primary data collection in Phase 2.

Phase 2

Quantitative primary data collection In Phase 2 we collected primary data through two main channels: • an online survey of 1,000 people from the general Chilean population, most of whom were aged 16-35 • an online survey of 100 Chilean employers varying in size from ten to over 1,000 employees, with the sample taken from managerial and execu