English in Mexico - Education Intelligence | British Council

May 1, 2015 - The English language has been taught in Mexican public schools since the ...... Automotive engineering, Manufacturing process equipment, ...
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Education Intelligence

English in Mexico: An examination of policy, perceptions and influencing factors

May 2015

English in Mexico

Contents

INTRODUCTION

4

METHODOLOGY

5

KEY FINDINGS

7

MACRO ANALYSIS

8

Federal and state governance of education in Mexico

8

Education indicators

9

Federal government policy for English language learning

13

National English Programme in basic education

15

English teaching approach

18

The SEP teacher profile

19

The teaching profession in Mexico

20

Implementation and impact of the NEPBE

22

ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING ANALYSIS

23

Public education English language penetration

23

Private education English language penetration

24

Higher education English language penetration

25

Commercial English language education penetration

26

Self–accessed English language penetration

27

ENGLISH LEARNING MOTIVATIONS

28

Occupation and English language learning

30

Level of education and English language learning

31

Household income and English language learning

32

Motivations for studying English

33

English proficiency

35

Barriers to studying English

39

View of learning English

41

Value of English learning

42

2

English in Mexico

EMPLOYER DEMAND FOR ENGLISH

43

Language used in business communication

43

English proficiency

45

English training

46

The value placed on English by employers

46

FACTORS SHAPING DEMAND FOR ENGLISH LEARNING IN MEXICO

49

English for national and personal economic growth

49

Economic development and global competitiveness

49

Level of education and the need to speak English

50

Unequal societal development

51

Migration

52

Teachers of English

52

The influence of media and culture on attitudes towards English learning

53

Exposure to English and the learning environment

54

OPPORTUNITIES IN MEXICO

55

IN CONCLUSION

56

3

English in Mexico

Introduction

The challenges Mexico faces are numerous and nuanced. In the past few decades, the country has made great strides in economic development, education expansion and boosting literacy, but it is currently contending with a drop in GDP growth. To ensure future economic benefits, the Mexican government is focused on opening and liberalising industry sectors and in retaining close trade relations with the US and Latin American countries to sustain a trend of increased foreign direct investment. As a result, interest in creating an even more favourable business environment for continued global trade has become a priority, with a national English language policy perceived as creating a viable, international workforce that could attract multinational corporations. However, implementing such a plan within a decentralised education system in a country characterised by divisive income disparity and defined indigenous populations is a formidable task, with outcomes that, in the near-term, may not be easily gauged or measured.

4