Enhancing the contribution of small-scale aquaculture to food security ...

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Enhancing the contribution of small-scale aquaculture to food security, poverty alleviation and socio-economic development FAO Expert Workshop 21–24 April 2010 Hanoi, Viet Nam

ISSN 2070-6103

FAO FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE PROCEEDINGS

Cover illustration: Emanuela D’Antoni

FAO FISHERIES and aquaculture PROCEEDINGS

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Enhancing the contribution of small-scale aquaculture to food security, poverty alleviation and socio-economic development 21–24 April 2010 Hanoi, Viet Nam

Melba G. Bondad–Reantaso Aquaculture Officer Aquaculture Branch FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Rome, Italy and Rohana P. Subasinghe Senior Aquaculture Officer Aquaculture Branch FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department Rome, Italy

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2013

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of FAO. ISBN 978-92-5-107407-7 (print) E-ISBN 978-92-5-107961-1 (PDF) © FAO, 2013 FAO encourages the use, reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Except where otherwise indicated, material may be copied, downloaded and printed for private study, research and teaching purposes, or for use in non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO as the source and copyright holder is given and that FAO’s endorsement of users’ views, products or services is not implied in any way. All requests for translation and adaptation rights, and for resale and other commercial use rights should be made via www.fao.org/contact-us/licencerequest or addressed to [email protected] FAO information products are available on the FAO website (www.fao.org/ publications) and can be purchased through [email protected]

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Preparation of this document The project “Enhancing the contribution of the small-scale aquaculture sector to food security, poverty alleviation and socio-economic development” was undertaken through a series of desk studies and an expert workshop. The project culminated in the publication of this document, which is presented in two parts. Part 1 contains the proceedings of the expert workshop, FAO Expert Workshop on Enhancing the Contribution of the Small-Scale Aquaculture Sector to Food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Socio-economic Development, held in Hanoi, Viet Nam from 21 to 24 April 2010. The workshop was informed by a number of thematic papers to assist in understanding the various issues concerning small-scale aquaculture. Part  2 contains 18 technical papers contributed by 27 specialists and presented during this workshop. The commissioned review papers and expert workshop were technically supervised by Dr Melba B. Reantaso, Aquaculture Officer, Aquaculture Branch (FIRA), FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. The papers contained in this work have been reproduced as submitted. The study, workshop and publication were made possible with financial assistance through FIRA’s Regular Programme of Work and Budget.

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Abstract About 70–80 percent of all those actors involved in fish farming worldwide are considered small-scale. The small-scale aquaculture (SSA) sector, is recognized as making an important contribution to food security, poverty alleviatio