Environmental Security, Environmental Management, and ...

house, U.S. Shifts Stress to Haiti Sanctions, N.Y. TIMEs, June 9, 1994, at A3;. Howard W. French, Haiti Military Braces for ...... TimFs, July 10, 1990, at Al; Curtis Rist, A Solemn Earth Day in Brooklyn; Resi- dents Side by Side with Danger, N.Y. ... See also William Bunch, Brooklyn Cancer Up;. Among City's Highest Rates, N.Y. ...
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Pace Environmental Law Review Volume 12 Issue 2 Spring 1995

Article 1

April 1995

Environmental Security, Environmental Management, and Environmental Justice Bernard A. Weintraub

Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/pelr Recommended Citation Bernard A. Weintraub, Environmental Security, Environmental Management, and Environmental Justice, 12 Pace Envtl. L. Rev. 533 (1995) Available at: http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/pelr/vol12/iss2/1 This Article is brought to you for free and open access by the School of Law at [email protected] It has been accepted for inclusion in Pace Environmental Law Review by an authorized administrator of [email protected] For more information, please contact [email protected]

PACE ENVIRONMENTAL LAW REVIEW Volume 12

Spring 1995

Number 2

Environmental Security, Environmental Management, and Environmental Justice BERNARD

A. WEINTRAuB*

Table of Contents I. Introduction ..................................... II. Characterizing Environmental Security .......... A. The Dynamic of Community Natural Resource Use ................................ 1. Natural Resources and Governing Bodies ................................... a. Control of Natural Resource Management ......................... b. Natural Resource Governance ........ 2. Formulating a Minimum Quality of Environment ............................ B. Community Instability and Environmental Security ..................................... 1. Destabilizing Factors: Why Lack of Natural Resources Causes Insecurity ....

535 545 546 546 546 550 553 554 554

* J.D., 1993, New York University School of Law; M.E.S., 1993, Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies. Mr. Weintraub is an associate with the law firm of Beveridge & Diamond, P.C., in New York City. The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author alone and are not necessarily those of Beveridge & Diamond or the author's colleagues there. The author wishes to thank Professor John Wargo of the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, and Professor Lea Brilmayer, of New York University School of Law, who commented on earlier drafts of parts of this article.

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a. Threats to Environmental Security...

555

b. The Dynamic of Collective Action ....

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c. Responses to Environmental Mismanagement ...................... 2. Defining Environmental Security as Part of Defining Identity ...................... a. Education and Identity ............... b. The Relevance of Increased Awareness About Environmental Management Issues ................................ III. Intracommunity Aspects of Environmental Security .......................................... A. The Governors and the Governed ........... 1. Environmental Racism as an Example of an Intracommunity-Motivated Threat to Environmental Security ................. 2. An Environmental Justice ............... B. The Local Community ....................... C. The Domestic Community ................... 1. Domestic Environmental Discrimination. 2. Threats to National Security ............ D. Refining MQE to Recognize Intracommunity Aspects of Environmental Security .......... IV. Intercommunity Aspects of Environmental Security .......................................... A. The Relevance of Environmental Security to Traditional Intercommunity Relations ...... B. Expanding the Description of Environmental Security to Account for Intercommunity Obligation ................................... 1. Why a Basis for Intercommunity Obligation is Difficult to Discern ......... 2. International Jurisprudence ............. a. Conceptions of International Obligation ............................ b. Intercommunity Natural Resource *Allocation and Environmental Justice ...................