Essay Solutions 2015 -

Jan 2, 2016 - out of 10 youth have received any kind of training, both formal and informal ) ..... Digital art tools like Photoshop and ... the more technological advanced countries (example US lost the Vietnam War) can lose to those who have.
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CS 2015 Essay Paper Analysis & Solution      

UPSC continued with its pattern of 2014 in 2015 CS essay exam as well. Students were required to write on two essays in about 1000-1200 words each while selecting one from each section ‘A’ and ‘B’. The trend of asking Argumentative/Persuasive Essays that started in 2012 still continued and even took a significant turn. Rather than testing on knowledge based topics (core GS topics), the focus was more on opinion based general topics. The topics looked straightforward prima facie but could easily prove to be a perfect recipe for disaster if not handled well. The definition of an essay as a reflection of the candidate’s personality becomes even more relevant in such cases. It’ll even be difficult to classify topics in specific categories (like education, economy etc.) since they were more of opinions that required students to either substantiate them or repudiate them through proper logical coherent expression of ideas well supported by sound judgment and analysis. Out of 8 given topics, 5 were general opinion based topics. Generating content is no doubt important and is a challenge in such essays but what is even more important is its organization, logical flow of thoughts, diversity of opinion, captivating introduction and a conclusion that ensures a sense of closure. Rest 3 were question type topics which focused more on specific alternatives and seemingly required the students to answer them in that confined perspective. But even here diversity of arguments and logical flow of thoughts would be valued. Lending Hands to Someone Is Better Than Giving a Dole

From ancient kings to modern welfare states, Doles have been given by governments for various reasons and motivations. But, the practice which was once used to be highly praised has now been criticised from many perspectives. The populist measures by governments in form of illogical subsidies to disaster relief packages have led to a debate between a good and a bad dole. The process itself has been questioned for its usefulness in context of people’s welfare in long term. A logical and reasoned analysis of facts and observations shows that a more participative and humane approach which can help subjects to become self sufficient and independent is anytime better than doles which make them habitual and dependent on others. Dole in form of unemployment benefits, social security payments, financial grants, subsidies and relief packages has always been used by governments for the welfare of their subjects. Such governments are more likely to have a greater shelf life (irrespective of quality) than those who don’t care for deprived sections of society. Vedas talk about giving grants to priests and those who are unable to help themselves due to conditions like physical handicap or old age. Even Arthashastra by Kautilya talks about such welfare measures for the good of king’s subjects. However, any illogical grant which is given just to appease can harm both, the one who’s giving it and the other who is taking it. Hefty grants by kings to the priest in vedic age made the priests addicted, which eventually led to their downfall (rise of Buddhism and Jainism) as well as decline of empire due to dissonance in the mind of taxpayers. Present governments don’t seem to learn from history and continue to make the same mistake, though in different manner. The give and take relation no longer exists in democracies like India and now people demand resources in the name of redistributive justice and their rights. It is true that stimulus in form of subsidies and grants were required in India during initial years after independence, as