Estimating the economic value of the benefits provided - European ...

tourism/recreation and Employment supported by Natura 2000, Final Report prepared .... This includes about 3.2 million jobs in recreation (26% of the total), 1.3.
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Estimating the economic value of the benefits provided by the tourism/recreation and Employment supported by Natura 2000 Final Report European Commission - DG Environment December 2011

Project description CLIENT

European Commission - DG Environment

CONTRACT NUMBER

07.0307/2010/581498/SER/B.3

REPORT TITLE

Final Report

PROJECT NAME

Estimating the economic value of the benefits provided by the tourism/recreation and Employment supported by Natura 2000

DATE

December 2011

AUTHORS

Shailendra Mudgal, BIO Intelligence Service Blandine Chenot, BIO Intelligence Service Anne Turbé, BIO Intelligence Service Franck Cachia, BIO Intelligence Service Marine Grémont, BIO Intelligence Service Benjamin Carey, Dunira Strategy Corinne Doff, Dunira Strategy John Henderson Todd, Dunira Strategy Herbert Hamele, Ecotrans Gordon Sillence, Ecotrans Karl Reiner, OÄR

KEY CONTACTS

Shailendra Mudgal + 33 (0) 1 53 90 11 80 [email protected] Or Blandine Chenot + 33 (0) 1 53 90 11 80 [email protected]

Please cite this publication as: BIO Intelligence Service (2011), Estimating the economic value of the benefits provided by the tourism/recreation and Employment supported by Natura 2000, Final Report prepared for European Commission - DG Environment Disclaimer: The project team does not accept any liability for any direct or indirect damage resulting from the use of this report or its content. This report contains the results of research by the authors and is not to be perceived as the opinion of the European Commission. ©BIO Intelligence Service 2011 Photo credit: cover @ Per Ola Wiberg

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Estimating the economic value of the benefits provided by the tourism/recreation and Employment supported by Natura 2000

Table of Contents ABSTRACT

5

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

7

KEY CONCEPTS AND DEFINITIONS

13

CHAPTER 1:

19

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Aims and objectives

19

1.2 Scope

20

1.3 Approach and methodology

21

1.4 Report structure

24

CHAPTER 2:

25

OVERVIEW OF THE BENEFITS PROVIDED BY NATURA 2000

2.1 Natura 2000

25

2.2 Overall benefits provided by Natura 2000

26

2.3 Economic valuation of Natura 2000 benefits

27

2.3.1 Total Economic Value framework

27

2.3.2 Aggregating and scaling up from site-level benefits

28

2.4 Net benefits provided by the Natura 2000 network CHAPTER 3: BENEFITS PROVIDED BY TOURISM EMPLOYMENT SUPPORTED BY NATURA 2000

30 AND

RECREATION,

AND 33

3.1 Benefits provided by social and cultural services

33

3.1.1 Benefits related to tourism and recreation

34

3.1.2 Benefits related to landscape and amenity values

49

3.1.3 Benefits related to cultural values and inspirational services

50

3.2 Wider socio-economic benefits of Natura 2000

52

3.2.1 Employment supported by Natura 2000

53

3.2.2 Contribution to local and regional development

58

3.3 Costs of negative impacts of tourism and recreation on biodiversity conservation and ecosystems 58 CHAPTER 4: ESTIMATION OF BENEFITS PROVIDED BY TOURISM AND RECREATION SUPPORTED BY NATURA 2000 63 4.1 Estimation of market benefits and their economic impacts

65

4.1.1 Methodology

65

4.1.2 Application of the methodology

80

Estimating the economic value of the benefits provided by the tourism/recreation a