EU support for rehabilitation following the earthquake in Haiti

Jan 12, 2010 - 22 – 24 EU support for rehabilitation was set within a sound strategy. 25 – 27 The ... External Assistance in Support of Haiti's Development).
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Special Report



EU support for rehabilitation following the earthquake in Haiti


EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS 12, rue Alcide De Gasperi 1615 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG Tel. +352 4398-1 E-mail: [email protected] Internet: Twitter: @EUAuditorsECA YouTube: EUAuditorsECA

More information on the European Union is available on the Internet ( Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2014 ISBN 978-92-872-0816-3 doi:10.2865/58214 © European Union, 2014 Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. Printed in Luxembourg



Special Report


EU support for rehabilitation following the earthquake in Haiti (pursuant to Article 287(4), second subparagraph, TFEU)




Glossary and acronyms


Executive summary

1 – 11


1 – 3

Haiti is a fragile state

4 – 5

The 2010 earthquake dramatically exacerbated the situation

6 – 7

The EU delegation was likewise severely affected

8 – 11

Despite the international response, rehabilitation was a challenge

12 – 17

Audit scope and approach

18 – 63


18 – 27

The Commission addressed priority rehabilitation needs

19 – 21

Rehabilitation needs were well identified

22 – 24

EU support for rehabilitation was set within a sound strategy

25 – 27

The division of labour between the Commission and other main donors was appropriate but coordination during implementation was difficult

28 – 40

Despite some Commission efforts, relief, rehabilitation and development were not sufficiently linked

30 – 32

The Commission used different instruments in a flexible manner

33 – 35

Coordination within the Commission was not optimal

36 – 40

LRRD was well thought-out with regard to the design of individual rehabilitation programmes but sometimes difficult to ensure in practice




41 – 63

The Commission did not sufficiently ensure effective implementation of EU support for rehabilitation

42 – 54

Most programmes encountered delays and some achieved limited progress

55 – 58

Some significant risks were not sufficiently managed

59 – 63

Monitoring was based on an appropriate framework but was allocated insufficient resources

64 – 68

Conclusions and recommendations

Annex I

Annex II — Scoring methodology

Annex III — Scoring of programmes

Replies of the Commission and the EEAS

— List of programmes examined

Glossary and acronyms


CAED: Cadre de Coordination de l’Aide Externe au Développement d’Haïti (Framework for the Coordination of External Assistance in Support of Haiti’s Development) DCI: Development Cooperation Instrument Launched in January 2007, the Development Cooperation Instrument provides aid notably through (i) geographic programmes with partner countries in Latin America, Asia, Central Asia, the Middle East and South Africa to support actions in a wide range of areas (e.g. education, health, social cohesion and employment, governance, democracy, human rights, assistance in post-crisis situations and fragile states); and (ii) five thematic programmes concerning investing