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90/2015 - 21 May 2015

Regional GDP

GDP per capita in the EU in 2013: seven capital regions among the ten most prosperous Announcement

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This News Release is the first on regional GDP based on the ESA 2010 methodology and data transmission programme. All the methodological changes that were implemented at national level as of September 2014 are applied at the regional level as well. This leads to level shifts that can differ among regions of the same Member State, in particular due to the impact of research and development expenditure. In addition this release covers two reference years (2012 and 2013) as the ESA2010 data transmission programme requires Member States to transmit the data one year earlier than before. As a result the regional GDP release will be accelerated from now on by one year. 2

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In 2013, regional GDP per capita , expressed in terms of purchasing power standards , ranged from 27% of the EU28 average in the French overseas department of Mayotte, to 325% of the average in Inner London in the United Kingdom. This information is taken from data released by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. Regional GDP per capita by EU Member State in 2013 in PPS, EU28 = 100

325 300

Capital region

National average

275 250

225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50

UK

SWEDEN

FINLAND

SLOVAKIA

SLOVENIA

ROMANIA

PORTUGAL

POLAND

AUSTRIA

NETHERLANDS

MALTA

HUNGARY

LUXEMBOURG

LITHUANIA

LATVIA

CYPRUS

ITALY

CROATIA

FRANCE

SPAIN

GREECE

IRELAND

ESTONIA

GERMANY

DENMARK

CZECH REP.

BULGARIA

0

BELGIUM

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The bar shows for each Member State the range from the region with the lowest value to that with the highest value.

The leading regions in the ranking of regional GDP per capita in 2013, after Inner London in the United Kingdom (325% of the average), were the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (258%), Bruxelles/Brussel in Belgium (207%), Hamburg in Germany (195%), Groningen in the Netherlands (187%), Bratislava in Slovakia (184%), Stockholm in Sweden (179%), Île de France in France (175%) and Praha in the Czech Republic (173%). After Mayotte in France (27%), the lowest regions in the ranking were all in Bulgaria and Romania: Severozapaden (30%), Severen tsentralen (31%) and Yuzhen tsentralen (32%) in Bulgaria and Nord-Est in Romania (34%). It should be noted, however, that in some regions the GDP per capita figures can be significantly influenced by commuter flows. Net commuter inflows in these regions push up production to a level that could not be achieved by the resident active population on its own. There is a corresponding effect in regions with commuter outflows.

Regional GDP per capita in the EU28 in 2013 (in PPS, EU28 = 100) 1 2 3 4 5 6 6 8 9 10 11 12 12 12 15 16 17 17 19 20

The twenty highest: Inner London (UK)* Luxembourg (LU)* Bruxelles-Cap. / Brussels Hfdst. (BE)* Hamburg (DE) Groningen (NL) Bratislavský kraj (SK)* Stockholm (SE)* Île de France (FR)* Praha (CZ)* Oberbayern (DE)** North Eastern Scotland (UK) Wien (AT)* Noord-Holland (NL)* Bremen (DE) Darmstadt (DE)** Stuttgart (DE)** Utrecht (NL) Hovedstaden (DK)* Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire (UK) Salzburg (AT)

325 258 207 195 187 184 179 175 173 172 166 159 159 159 158 156 155 155 152 151

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 11 12 12 12 15 16 16 16 19 19

The twenty lowest: Mayotte (FR) Severozapaden (BG) Severen tsentralen (BG) Yuzhen tsentralen (BG) Nord-Est (RO) Severoiztochen (BG) Yugoiztochen (BG) Észak-Magyarország (HU) Sud-Vest Oltenia (RO) Sud-Mun