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The EU in the world


2016 edition

The EU in the world

2016 edition

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More information on the European Union is available on the Internet ( Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2016 Web ISBN 978-92-79-59231-7 ISSN 2315-1889 doi: 10.2785/745946 N° Cat: KS-EX-16-001-EN-N

Print ISBN 978-92-79-59230-0 ISSN 2315-1870 doi: 10.2785/313060 N° Cat: KS-EX-16-001-EN-C

Theme: General and regional statistics Collection: Statistical books © European Union, 2016 Reproduction of contents other than photo is authorised, provided that the source is acknowledged. Copyright for the photos: © Fotolia, 2016 For reproduction or use of these photos, permission must be sought directly from the copyright holder. Printed in Belgium Printed on elemental chlorine-free bleached paper (ECF)


Foreword The first Eurostat publication to carry the name The EU in the world was a special edition produced in 2010 for World Statistics Day. The EU in the world 2016 is the fourth edition in its current format. However the content and structure of the publication have been continuously revised in order to include some new indicators each year. The EU in the world 2016 provides you with a selection of important and interesting statistics on the EU in comparison with the 15 non-EU members of the Group of Twenty (G20). Drawing from the vast amount of data available at Eurostat and from other international and national sources, we aim to give an insight into European society, the economy and the environment compared with the world’s other major economies. I hope that this publication will provide you with some interesting information both for your work and for your daily life. Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union. Working together with national statistical authorities in the European statistical system (ESS), we produce high quality statistics on Europe. Have an enjoyable read!

Walter Radermacher Director-General, Eurostat Chief Statistician of the European Union

The EU in the world 



Abstract This publication provides a statistical portrait of the European Union in relation to the rest of the world. It complements information found in the continuously updated online publication Europe in figures — Eurostat yearbook and in the Eurostat regional yearbook. It may be viewed as an introduction to European and international statistics and provides a starting point for those who wish to explore the wide range of data that are freely available from a variety of international organizations and on Eurostat’s website.

Editors Helene Strandell and Pascal Wolff (Eurostat, Unit B4 — Dissemination)

Contact details Eurostat Bâtiment Joseph Bech 5, rue Alphonse Weicker 2721 Luxembourg E-mail: [email protected]

Production This publication was produced by William Helminger, Carla Martins and Bruno Scuvée — CRI (Luxembourg) S.A.

Data extraction period The data presented in this publication was largely extracted during March 2016. An online data code available under for each table/figure with data from Eurostat can be used to directly access the most recent data on Eurostat’s website. All statements on policies within this publication are given for information purposes only. They do not constitute an official policy position of the European Commission and are not legally binding. To know more about such policies, please consult the European Commission’s website at:

For more information please consult Eurostat website: