Eurostat regional yearbook 2015
Eurostat regional yearbook 2015
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More information on the European Union is available on the Internet (http://europa.eu). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015 ISBN 978-92-79-49273-0 ISSN 2363-1716 doi:10.2785/408702 Cat. No: KS-HA-15-001-EN-N Theme: General and regional statistics Collection: Statistical books © European Union, 2015 Reproduction of content other than photos is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. Photo credits: Cover photo: © Juancat/Shutterstock; Foreword: © European Union; Introduction: © Daxiao Productions/ Shutterstock; Regional policy and Europe 2020: © Pack-Shot/Shutterstock; Population: © View Apart/Shutterstock; Health: © Kurhan/Shutterstock; Education: © auremar/Shutterstock; Labour market: © Andreas G. Karelias/Shutterstock; Economy: © Nejron Photo/Shutterstock; Structural business statistics: © Crystal Home/Shutterstock; Research and innovation: © Torsten Lorenz/Shutterstock; Information society: © Grekov’s/Shutterstock; Tourism: © Christophe Demunter; Transport: © STH/Shutterstock; Agriculture: © pingu2004/Shutterstock; Focus on gender statistics: © Pressmaster/Shutterstock; Focus on quality of life: © maradonna 8888/Shutterstock and Focus on European cities: © Steve Heap/Shutterstock. For reproduction or use of these photos, permission must be sought directly from the copyright holder. Printed in Luxembourg PRINTED ON ELEMENTAL CHLORINE-FREE BLEACHED PAPER (ECF)
Foreword The European Union places considerable emphasis on cohesion policy, with the objective of bringing Europe’s regions and cities closer together in economic, social and environmental spheres. The Eurostat regional yearbook provides an overview of official, regional statistics that are available within Europe. It is thus a helpful tool to understand the regional diversity that exists and also shows that considering national figures alone does not reveal the full and sometimes complex picture of what is happening in the European Union; indeed, there are often significant differences between regions of the same country when one looks at smaller geographical areas. This publication may therefore be seen as a valuable complement to the online version of Europe in figures — Eurostat’s yearbook, which concentrates on national statistics for the European Union and its Member States. Regional statistics are based on a harmonised convention in the definition of regions which is contained in the classification of territorial units for statistics, known by the acronym NUTS. This classification has implications beyond the direct field of statistics: it is used more and more in other areas, and thus contributes to shaping the perception of EU citizens as regards how they identify with a certain regional structure and a common notion of regions. The Eurostat regional yearbook maintains its emphasis on the most recent data available, but also provides (when possible) analysis of changes over a period of five or 10 years — thereby analysing structural changes. The analysis is supported by a range of tables, figures and maps, which seek to reveal regional variations at a glance. This edition contains a new chapter on EU regional policies and the regional dimension of the Europe 2020 strategy. There are also three special focus chapters: providing regional data on gender differences, statistics by degree of urbanisation for the quality of life, and information relating to life in European cities. The content of this book is available online in Statistics Explained on the Eurostat website. The latest data can be downloaded from Eurostat’s data