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Early and unintended pregnancy & the education sector EVIDENCE REVIEW AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Evidence review and recommendations

Early and unintended pregnancy & the education sector

Published in 2017 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 7, place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France © UNESCO 2017

The designations employed and the presentation of material throughout this volume do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The ideas and opinions expressed in this volume are those of the authors; they are not necessarily those of UNESCO and do not commit the Organization. Cover photo: @UNHCR ED/IPS/HAE/2517/01/REV

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Evidence review and recommendations

Early and unintended pregnancy & the education sector

Contents List of case studies and boxes................................................................................................. 4 List of figures.......................................................................................................................... 4 Acronyms................................................................................................................................ 5 Acknowledgement ................................................................................................................. 6 Summary ............................................................................................................................... 7 Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 8 Purpose and structure of this document .................................................................................. 9 Section 1: Setting the context ............................................................................................. 10 Background ........................................................................................................................... 11 Determinants and consequences of EUP .......................................................................... 12 The current status of the education sector response.......................................................... 13 The importance of the education sector response ................................................................. 15 Linkages between education and early and unintended pregnancy .................................. 15 The role of the education sector ........................................................................................ 16 Section 2: Recommendations ............................................................................................. 18 Access to quality education for all girls ............................................................................... 19 Re-entry and continuation policies for pregnant and parenting learners .............................. 21 Comprehensive sexuality education ..................................................................................... 23 School health services and links to external health services ................................................ 28 A safe and supportive learning environment ........................................................................ 30 Research gaps ....................................................................................................................... 31 Section 3: Ensuring Sustainability .................................................................................... 32 Teacher training .................................................................................................................... 32 Parents and Community........................................................................................................ 34 Media for education and awareness........