Examining Culture Through agggg Social Inclusion Lens

Nov 1, 2006 - the making of new meanings and symbols through discovery d ti ff t d ti ff t and creative effort. ▫ “Culture S” – the set of symbolic tools the set of ...
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F From Concepts C t tto IIndicators: di t Examining g Culture Through g a Social Inclusion Lens Presentation by M. Sharon Jeannotte Plenary Session National Economic and Social Forum D bli Ireland Dublin, I l d November 1, 2006

Outline of the presentation What is the value of culture? „ How does culture contribute to social i l i andd social inclusion i l cohesion? h i ? „ How do the concepts relate? „ What indicators are needed to measure the social effects of culture? „ How can these indicators be developed? „

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Value of culture Intrinsic value - subjective experience of culture „ Instrumental I t t l value l - social i l or economic i effects of culture „ Institutional value – the value for the public of “public goods” created by cultural institutions „

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A unified model of culture “Culture Culture H” H – traditions, traditions the repository of past meanings and symbols „ “Culture “C lt C” – the th making ki off new meanings and symbols through discovery and d creative ti effort ff t „ “Culture S” – the set of symbolic tools from which individuals construct their “ways of living” „

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Cultural capital translating “Cultures Cultures C and H” H into “Culture S” The “disposal of taste” or “consumption of specific cultural forms that mark people as members of specific classes” (Bourdieu) „ Three types: yp „

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Habitus – “Culture S” Means of cultural expression – “Culture Culture C C” Institutionalized – “Culture H” 5

How does cultural capital contribute value? „

Four possible linkages: - personal empowerment - cultural p participation p - cultural development and quality of life - cultural sustainability 6

Cultural Attendance and Volunteer Rates (%) Canada C d 1998 Activity

Volunteer Rate Attenders

Volunteer Rate Non--attenders Non

A Attended d d children’s hild ’ performance f

61

42

Attended choral music performance

57

43

Attended dance performance

55

43

Attended classical music performance

52

44

Attended theatre performance

51

38

Attended opera

51

45

Visited commercial art gallery

51

46

Visited science museum

51

44

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Cultural Participation and Volunteer Rates (%) – Canada 1998 Activity

Volunteer Rate Participants

Volunteer Rate Nonparticipants

Acted or did other theatre activity

64

33

Sang in a choir or solo

55

32

Wrote poetry, stories, non non--fiction

48

32

Did choreography

47

33

Did artistic photography

47

33

Played a musical instrument

45

32

Did visual arts

43

33

Did crafts

41

31 8

Rate of Voluntarism (%) by Volume of Cultural Participation Canada 1998 100

Voluntariism Rate (% %)

80

65.6

60



 52.1 40

 38.7  23.9

20

 12.9 0 1-4

5-9

10-14

15-19

Volume of Cultural Participation (Number of Events)

20 +

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Formal and substantive dimensions of social cohesion Formal

Substantive

Equality/Inequality

Inclusion/Exclusion

Recognition/Rejection

Belonging/Isolation

L iti Legitimacy/Illegitimacy /Ill iti

Participation/Non P Participation/Nonti i ti /N involvement 10