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Oct 1, 2006 - Disappointment about Fatah's inability to reactivate the Mashreq countries Peace Process and achieve a sustainable two-state solution was less important than domestic issues82. When in 2004 the European Commission offered the PA the opportunity to participate in the ENP, the Commission referred to ...
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October 2006

49

Factors and Perceptions Influencing the Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in Selected Southern Mediterranean Partner Countries Sabiha Senyücel Sanem Güner

Sigrid Faath Hanspeter Mattes

Acknowledgements This study was conducted under the auspices of the Turkish Economic and Social Sciences Foundation (TESEV), Istanbul, in cooperation with the German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA), Hamburg. Sabiha Senyücel and Sanem Güner are Program Officers at the Foreign Policy Program of TESEV, Dr. Sigrid Faath is the Scientific Coordinator of the GIGA research project “Strategies to stabilize the Euro-Mediterranean partner states in North Africa/Middle East: internal, regional and international requirements”, and Dr. Hanspeter Mattes is the Deputy Director of GIGA.

This report was produced with the financial assistance of the European Commission, under contract MED-2005/109-063. The text is the sole responsibility of the authors and in no way reflects the official opinion of the European Commission.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary

4

I. Why the EU Needs to Engage with its Neighbours

6



1.1 Introductory Remarks

6



1.2 The Challenges and Opportunities Ahead

7



1.3 The ENP in Contrast to Previous Initiatives

8



1.4 Building upon Experience and Changing Approach

10

II. Factors and Perceptions Influencing the ENP’s Objectives in North Africa

and the Mashreq Countries: Selected Analyses of Individual Countries

13



2.1 General Context and Influential Factors

13



2.2 The Action Plans and the Analysis of Individual Countries

14

2.2.1 Morocco

16

2.2.2 Tunisia

18

2.2.3 Jordan

20

2.2.4 Palestinian Authority, Egypt, Lebanon, Algeria

22



2.3 The Perception of the ENP in Partner States in North Africa and the Mashreq 24

III. Conclusions and Recommendations

26



3.1 Conclusions

26



3.2 Recommendations

27

Bibliography

29

Authors’ contact information

31

49 October 2006

Executive Summary

Factors and Perceptions Influencing the Implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy in Selected Southern Mediterranean Partner Countries

Presently, and particularly after the 2004 enlargement, the EU finds itself in a rather complex situation where it needs to simultaneously respond to the demands of its citizens and address its internal affairs while developing a comprehensive and consistent external policy that regulates its relations with its new neighbours. Previously, the enlargement process has been one of the EU’s most successful tools with which to promote peace, prosperity and stability in its close neighbourhood; both the southern countries of Spain and Portugal and the former Soviet countries of Eastern Europe have been fully integrated into the EU’s zone of peace and prosperity. However, the lack of institutional capacity, political willingness and public support leave little hope for larger scale future enlargement. Although the draft Constitution and the Security Strategy Paper both underline the will and determination of the EU to enhance its role as an international actor, many EU citizens are more concerned with matters of homeland security, energy supply, immigration and jobs rather than the EU’s ability to promote peace and stability and induce prosperity in its immediate region. However, many are well aware that the value of inclusion rather than ex