Farming for a Sustainable Community - American Friends Service ...

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Farming for a Sustainable Community A Training Manual By Patrick W. Staib and the American Friends Service Committee

Produced by American Friends Service Committee AFSC New Mexico Office 2047 Tapia SW, Albuquerque NM 87105 505 842-7343 [email protected] www.afsc.org/albuquerque Photography and design by AFSC staff Copyright © 2013 by the American Friends Service Committee This work is licensed for reuse under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Details at www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ Cover photo of Don Bustos by Rebecca Meyer The project and research from which this manual is derived was funded by: U.S. Department of Agriculture – National Institute of Food and Agriculture Binnacle Family Foundation McCune Charitable Foundation Quail Roost Foundation

American Friends Service Committee Founded in 1917, the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) is a Quaker organization including people of various faiths who are committed to social justice, peace and humanitarian service. Co-recipient of the 1947 Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of Quakers worldwide, AFSC today carries out programs of service, development, justice and peace throughout the United States, Central and South America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia.

AFSC’s New Mexico Program Farming requires water, and in New Mexico, there is a long-standing conflict over land and water rights. The displacement of traditional agricultural communities, along with appropriation of land and water resources by government and corporations, createsmajor obstacles for land-based communities to engage in sustainable agriculture that generates enough income to support their families and communities. These conditions conspire to create a food-insecure state and puts New Mexico children and future generations at risk. Since 1976, the American Friends Service Committee’s New Mexico program has identified with the struggles of local people to empower themselves, with particular attention to water and land use, and the need to support traditional ways of life. Like many marginalized communities within the U.S., the Hispanic and Native American population of New Mexico seeks self-determination, economic growth and cultural dignity. The Service Committee works with local people and organizations to regain control over the current and future use of traditional water systems, utilize and manage local resources, and preserve their traditional ways of life. The New Mexico program provides hands-on, farmer-to-farmer training to land-based people so they can have economic security from their land and water. We facilitate the creation of farmer networks for marketing and sales, and advocate for policies that support small sustainable farms and help connect low-income people to resources to support their work. Our long-term goal is to help revitalize sustainable farming in New Mexico, thereby protecting culture, land, water and jobs, and improving the health of the communities—especially children. AFSC New Mexico Office 2047 Tapia SW, Albuquerque NM 87105 505 842-7343 [email protected] www.afsc.org/albuquerque

Contents Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Part One: Land and Water Selecting the Appropriate Farm Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Introduction Determining Water Source: Well vs. Surface Water Irrigation

Well Use and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Water Testing and Well Registration

Installation of Drip Irrigation Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Materials for Irrigation Installation Flood Irrigation Practices