Findings of the 2013 Waterloo Region Housing and Region of Waterloo

Report to the Region of Waterloo Community Services Committee. Prepared by: Ryan David Kennedy, PhD .... air quality monitoring, and a tenant survey. The survey of tenants is being conducted to measure support for the smoke-free policy, ... Non-responses (missing data) are not included in most response proportions.
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SMOKE-FREE HOUSING POLICY EVALUATION Findings of the 2013 Waterloo Region Housing Tenant Survey Report to the Region of Waterloo Community Services Committee

Prepared by: Ryan David Kennedy, PhD Stephanie Ellens-Clark, MSW Pamela Kaufman, PhD Ornell Douglas, MPH

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This report was prepared by Ryan David Kennedy, Stephanie Ellens-Clark, Pamela Kaufman, and Ornell Douglas with review by the Region of Waterloo Smoke-free Housing Evaluation Committee which includes employees from Waterloo Region Housing and Region of Waterloo Public Health. Matt Grey, Stephanie Filsinger and Kayla Snyder of the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact provided assistance in the preparation of this document.

Suggested Citation: Kennedy RD, Ellens-Clark S, Kaufman P, Douglas O. 2013. Smoke-free Housing Policy Evaluation Findings of the 2013 Waterloo Region Housing and Region of Waterloo Community Housing Inc. Household Tenant Survey. Waterloo, ON: Propel Centre for Population Health Impact, University of Waterloo.

This report is available online at www.propel.uwaterloo.ca

Smoke-free Housing Policy Evaluation – Highlights The 2013 Waterloo Region Housing Household Tenant Survey Below are some key findings from the 2013 survey mailed to every household managed by Waterloo Region Housing in March 2013. The smoke-free policy was passed by Region of Waterloo Council in October 2009 and was approved by the Region of Waterloo Community Housing Inc. Board of Directors st in November 2009. A pre-policy survey was conducted prior to the policy enactment on April 1 , 2010 and is reported elsewhere i. A second survey was conducted after the policy was implemented, in April 2011, and is also reported elsewhere. ii The 2013 survey was completed by 619 households: 478 respondents indicated that the household had no smokers; 109 indicated that their household had one or more smokers; and 32 households did not indicate the smoking status of the members of their household. •

50% of all respondents reported that they, or others in their household, are sometimes or often exposed to second-hand smoke (SHS) in their home.



44% of respondents reported someone in their household has health problems that get worse when they breathe SHS.



The majority of respondents, 79%, reported they support the Region of Waterloo smoke-free housing policy. o Support was approximately 90% from households with no smokers and approximately 32% from households with a person who smokes



Most respondents reported they already have households that are 100% smoke-free inside (88%) and on their patio or balcony (73%). o 94% of households with no smokers are 100% smoke-free inside, and 49% of households with smokers are 100% smoke-free inside; this represents a significant increase from the 2011 survey results o 89% of households with no smokers are 100% smoke-free on their balconies/patios while 28% of households with a smoker are 100% smoke-free on their outdoor spaces



When asked how their smoking has changed since the smoke-free policy, 28% of smokers who have grandfathered leases (n=50) reported they smoke less since the policy was implemented and 8% said they have quit smoking (n= 7). For tenants who have always had a smoke-free lease, 37% (n=15) report they smoke less and 17% (n=7) report they have quit.



Among all respondents who smoke, 45% reported that they tried to quit in the last year.



26% of respondents who smoke reported that because of the new policy they are more likely to go outside to smoke.

BACKGROUND Waterloo Regional Housing (WRH) Smoke-free Housing Policy Evaluation —Survey 2013 In October, 2009, Region of Waterloo Council approved a smoke-free housing policy. This policy came into effect on April 1, 2010 and made all new leases signed with Waterloo Region Housing – in all bu