Flowers for food? - LANDac

Feb 10, 2016 - Scoping study on Dutch flower farms, land governance and local food security in Eastern Africa ..... and the Dutch auction system towards mass-market ..... systems. These mixed outcomes underline the need for water resources regulation. With the exception of. Ethiopia, local institutions had been tasked ...
1MB Sizes 5 Downloads 147 Views
Land Governance for Equitable and Sustainable Development

Flowers for food? Scoping study on Dutch flower farms, land governance and local food security in Eastern Africa

Synthesis and country reports

Food & Business Knowledge Platform (F&BKP) and LANDac January 2016 Authors: Evans Kirigia, Gemma Betsema, Guus van Westen, and Annelies Zoomers (LANDac /IDS, Utrecht University)

Flowers for food? Scoping study on Dutch flower farms, land governance and local food security in Eastern Africa Commissioned by the Food & Business Knowledge Platform (F&BKP) Conducted by LANDac/IDS, Utrecht University Cover photo: Evans Kirigia (Farmer cultivating land using a plough and oxen in Bishoftu, Ethiopia) Photograpy: Gemma Betsema & Evans Kirigia Graphic design: C&M, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University

LANDac LANDac, the Netherlands Academy on Land Governance for Equitable and Sustainable Development, is a partnership between Dutch organizations working on land governance. Led by the International Development Studies (IDS) group at Utrecht University, it is a partnership between IDS and the African Studies Centre (ASC), Agriterra, the Sociology of Development and Change (SDC) group at Wageningen University, HIVOS, the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), and the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. With a focus on new pressures and competing claims on land and natural resources, the LANDac network conducts research, disseminates information, and organizes courses and trainings. The guiding question is how to optimize the link between land governance, sustainable development and poverty alleviation. www.landgovernance.org

F&BKP The Food and Business Knowledge Platform (F&BKP) is one of five Knowledge Platforms initiated by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2012. It is an open and independent initiative where representatives from international networks and organizations of business, science, civil society and policy come together. The Platform shares, critically reflects on, generates, deepens and improves interdisciplinary knowledge; this knowledge feeds into practices and policies on food and nutrition security. Land governance is one of the prioritized themes in its mission to develop a more focused knowledge agenda. www.knowledge4food.net

This scoping study This scoping study consists of a synthesis report followed by four country reports. The synthesis report provides a summary of a study that assessed the contribution of the Dutch flower sector to local development and food security in Eastern Africa. Field research was carried out in four countries that host communities of Dutch flower farmers, namely Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ethiopia. The individual country reports, based on five months of fieldwork, can be found in the annex to this document. The analysis is based on interviews and focus group discussions with flower company representatives and their employees, and neighbouring households as well as key informants such as local chiefs and elders, businesspersons active in the food sector, government employees and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The field work for this study was carried out by Evans Kirigia (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ethiopia) and Gemma Betsema (Uganda) and the final report was written in collaboration with Guus van Westen and Annelies Zoomers of IDS.

Content Abbreviations 4 1 Introduction 1.1 Methodology and study scope 1.2 Scope of the study

5 5 7

2 Characterization of floriculture investments 2.1 Characterization of floriculture investments in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ethiopia 2.2 Floriculture business models

9 9 10

3

12

Processes of land acquisition

4 Competition for scarce natural resources 4.1 Land 4.2 Water

14 14 15

5

17

Floriculture investments in Eastern Africa: Contributing to local development?

6 Effects of floricu