Food security and climate change - Food and Agriculture Organization ...

Jun 5, 2012 - High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition .... Collect information locally, share knowledge globally, and refocus research to address ..... Develop integrated land-use policies that take a landscape approach .
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HLPE REPORT

Food security and climate change A report by The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition June 2012

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HLPE REPORT

Food security and climate change A report by The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition June 2012

Committee on World Food Security High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition Rome, 2012

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HLPE Steering Committee members (June 2012) MS Swaminathan (Chair) Maryam Rahmanian (Vice-Chair) Catherine Bertini Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher Lawrence Haddad Martin S. Kumar Sheryl Lee Hendriks Alain de Janvry Renato Maluf Mona Mehrez Aly Carlos Perez del Castillo Rudy Rabbinge Huajun Tang Igor Tikhonovich Niracha Wongchinda

HLPE Project Team members Gerald Nelson (Team Leader) Zucong Cai Rashid Hassan Charles Godfray Maureen Santos Hema Swaminathan

This report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition (HLPE) has been approved by the HLPE Steering Committee. The views expressed do not necessarily reflect the official views of the Committee on World Food Security, of its members, participants, or of the Secretariat. This report is made publicly available and its reproduction and dissemination is encouraged. Noncommercial uses will be authorised free of charge, upon request. Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes, including educational purposes, may incur fees. Applications for permission to reproduce or disseminate this report should be addressed by e-mail to [email protected] with copy to [email protected] Referencing this report: HLPE, 2012. Food security and climate change. A report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security, Rome 2012.

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Table of Contents

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................................... 7 SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................................ 11 Principal observations ....................................................................................................................... 11 Recommendations ............................................................................................................................. 14 1. Integrate food security and climate change concerns ................................................................... 14 2. Increase resilience of food systems to climate change ................................................................. 15 3. Develop low-emissions agricultural strategies that do not compromise food security .................. 18 4. Collect information locally, share knowledge globally, and refocus research to address a more complex set of objectives .................................................................................................. 20 5. Facilitate participation of all stakeholders in decision making and implementation ...................... 21 6. Recommendations for the CFS ..................................................................................................... 22 INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................... 25 1

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY TODAY: ASSESSING VULNERABILITY ................................................................................................. 27 1.1

Current food security status ................................................................................................... 27

1.2

Vulnerability, food insecurity and climate change ................................................................. 28

1.2.1

Food systems and climate change ..............................................................................