Frame of Reference - Avid

©2010 Avid Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Avid ... This can save a lot of storage by reusing frame information that does not change over time, rather than storing ... is comprised of a Luma carrier and a Chroma carrier, they can be treated.
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Frame of Reference www.avid.com

Statistics & Specifications Project

Avid® DNxHD Type

1080p23.976 1080p24 1080p25 1080i50 1080i59.94

Raster Size

Frames per Sec

Sampling Ratio

GB per Hour

8 8 10 8 8 10 8 8 10 8 8 8 10 8 8 8 10 8 8 10 8 8 10 8 8 10

1280x720 1280x720 1280x720 1280x720 1280x720 1280x720 1280x720 1280x720 1280x720 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080 1920x1080

23.976 23.976 23.976 50 50 50 59.94 59.94 59.94 23.976 23.976 23.976 23.976 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 25 25 25 29.97 29.97 29.97

4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2 4:2:2

26 40 40 51 77 77 64 97 97 16 51 77 77 16 51 77 77 53 81 81 53 81 81 64 97 97

Avid DNxHD60 Avid DNxHD90 Avid DNxHD90x Avid DNxHD115 Avid DNxHD175 Avid DNxHD175x Avid DNxHD145 Avid DNxHD220 Avid DNxHD220x Avid DNxHD36 Avid DNxHD115 Avid DNxHD175 Avid DNxHD175x Avid DNxHD36 Avid DNxHD115 Avid DNxHD175 Avid DNxHD175x Avid DNxHD120 Avid DNxHD185 Avid DNxHD185x Avid DNxHD120 Avid DNxHD185 Avid DNxHD185x Avid DNxHD145 Avid DNxHD220 Avid DNxHD220x

SD

Data Rate Sampling Bits per GB per (Mb/s) Ratio Sample Hour

720x486 1:1 NTSC 720x576 1:1 PAL Sony MPEG IMX Panasonic DVC PRO 50 DV NTSC DV PAL

200 198 50 50 25 25

HD

10 10 8 8 8 8

88 87 22 22 11 11

Data Rate Sampling Bits per GB per (Mb/s) Ratio Sample Hour

DVC PRO HD XDCAM HD422 (50) XDCAM HD 35 XDCAM HD 25 XDCAM EX 35 P2 AVC-INTRA 50 P2 AVC-INTRA 100 1920x1080i HD - 25 fps 1920x1080i HD - 29.97 fps 1920x1080p HD - 23.98 fps 1280x720p HD - 25 fps 1280x720p HD - 50 fps 1280x720p HD - 59.94 fps 1280x720p HD - 29.97 fps HDV 2K - 24 fps

Avid DNxHD Project Specifications

(4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:1:1) (4:2:0)

100 50 35 25 35 50 100 1483 1185 948 439 879 1054 421 25 2188

(4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:0) (4:2:0) (4:2:0) (4:2:0) (4:2:2) (4:4:4) (4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:2) (4:2:0) (4:4:4)

8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 8 8 10

44 22 15 11 15 22 44 652 521 417 193 386 463 185 11 962

Thanks to the fact that the human eye is worse at seeing differences between shades of colors than degrees of lightness, one very effective way of making digital video files smaller is to remove some of the color information. This is expressed as a ratio such as 4:2:0, 4:1:1 etc. As video is comprised of a Luma carrier and a Chroma carrier, they can be treated differently, allowing us to keep the degrees of lightness but cut back on color.

Non-Square Pixel SD Formats

Full Raster 1280x720

4:1:1

Full Raster  1920x1080

Chroma

Chroma

Full aperture 2K 2048x1556

4:2:0 Luma

Luma

Thin Raster HDV 1440x1080

Chroma

Chroma

Thin Raster 720 HD 960x720

Luma

480i59.94 (NTSC) 720x480 576i50 (PAL) 720x576

Luma

720p23.976 720p50 720p59.94

Bits per Sample

4:2:2

4:4:4

Chroma Subsampling

Frame Sizes GoP Compression

Time/Footage at 24 fps

GoP Order

2.40:1

Group of Pictures A popular method of compressing video information over time exploiting a concept known as “Temporal Redundancy” by calculating the contents of some frames based of the images contained in others. This can save a lot of storage by reusing frame information that does not change over time, rather than storing full information for every frame. The trade off is th