Good Bug? Bad Bug?

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Good Bug? Bad Bug?

Actually, I’m a looper!

An identification guide for pest and beneficial insects in summer pulses, soybeans, peanuts and chickpeas Hugh Brier Joe Wessels Kate Charleston

This guide aims to help growers and consultants correctly identify pest and beneficial insects in summer pulses (mungbeans, navy beans, adzuki beans, cowpeas and pigeon peas), soybeans, peanuts and chickpeas. The ‘good bugs’ are predators and parasitoids of the ‘bad bugs’, which are pests of these crops. This publication is supported by the following organisations:

Disclaimer: This document is designed to be used as a tool to assist in identification of insects found in Australian pulse crops. It is not a substitute for personnel with expert knowledge of pulse production or of any aspects of Integrated Pest Management (IPM). The Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI), Pulse Australia, Soy Australia Ltd, the Australian Mungbean Association, Reef Catchments (Mackay Whitsunday Isaac) Ltd, the Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC), and the technical editors (and their organisations) accept no responsibility or liability for any loss or damage caused by reliance on the information in this publication. Users of information contained in this publication must form their own judgements about appropriateness to local conditions. Note that the term ‘bug’ in the title is used colloquially. Strictly speaking, the only insects that should be referred to as ‘bugs’ are the true bugs (Order Hemiptera) which include major pests such as the green vegetable bug and mirids, and major predators such as the spined predatory bug and damsel bugs. © 2012. This publication is protected by copyright. Apart from any use allowed under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without expressed permission of the authors. Unless otherwise specified, all photographs are supplied by Joe Wessels (the major contributor) and Hugh Brier, DEEDI Kingaroy, including many from their own private collections. Magnifying lens used under creative commons licence (original at http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Magnifying_glass_Icon.png#file). Many of the other graphics used have been sourced from http://All-Silhouettes.com. This publication is supported by the Grains Research and Development Corporation, Soy Australia, the Australian Mungbean Association, Pulse Australia, Reef Catchments (Mackay Whitsunday Isaac) Limited, Burnett Mary Regional Group*, Bean Growers Australia and the Peanut Company of Australia. Design, layout and editing by Hugh Brier and Tonia Grundy * supported through the Regional Landcare Facilitator Initiative by the Burnett Mary Regional Group with funding from the Australian Government’s Caring for our Country programme.

Good bug? Bad bug? A quick identification guide for pest and beneficial insects in summer pulses, soybeans, peanuts and chickpeas

Hugh Brier1, Joe Wessels1 and Kate Charleston2 DEEDI (Primary Industries) Kingaroy and 2Toowoomba

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Contents Commonly encountered insects.................................................................................... 3 Pests......................................................................................................................................................... 3 Beneficials (predators and parasitoids)..................................................................................................... 5

Insect and damage images............................................................................................. 6 Larvae - large caterpillars.......................................................................................................................... 6 Larvae - leaf-feeding loopers..................................................................................................................... 7 Larvae - small to medium caterpillars (incl miners and webbers)...................................