Green Skills for Rural Youth - Center for Education Innovations

feel that vocational training for upskilling or alternate livelihoods is needed. ... There is significant confusion around terminology regarding green skills and green jobs amongst the majority of ... The Livelihood Advancement Business Schools (LABS) model is relatively ...... I do not believe they are important for me (n=1). 0.4.
2MB Sizes 0 Downloads 125 Views
Green Skills for Rural Youth in South East Asia



Research Report for Plan International Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand & Vietnam

! ! ! ! Contents 1. Key Messages

4

2. Executive Summary

5

3. Research Methodology

8

3.1 Literature Review

8

3.2 Field Research

8

3.3 Online Surveys

8

3.4 Data Forecasting

8

4. Concepts and Definitions

9

5. The Context: Green Economic Development in South East Asia

12

6.Young People, Livelihoods and the Environment

17

6.1 Rural/Urban Divide

17

6.2 Employment Ambitions

19

6.3 Environmental and Climate Change Awareness

20

6.4 Gender Considerations

22

7. Green Jobs and Green Skills

24

7.1 Green Jobs

25

7.2 Green Skills

29

8. Green Skills Training

30

8.1 Training Content

30

8.2 Training Delivery

31

9. Integrating YEE and CCA Programmes

33

10. Conclusions and Recommendations

35

10.1 Key Findings

35

10.2. Recommendations for Green Skills Development

36

10.3 Other Recommendations

38

10.4 Suggested Action Items

39

Appendix 1: Country-Specific Findings

40

Appendix 2: Survey Results

48

Appendix 3: Data Forecasting

56

Appendix 4: Field Research Respondents

62

© The Research Base, 2014

The Research Base is a social research consultancy specialising in education and skills

in international development.

!! !

!2

Green Skills for Rural Youth in South East Asia The Research Base

The Research Base, 4th Floor, 9 Castle Square, Brighton, BN1 1EG, United Kingdom

www.theresearchbase.com | [email protected]

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

Acronym

Full Version

ACCCRN

Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network

CCA

Climate Change Adaptation

CSO

Civil Society Organisation

GHG

Greenhouse gas

ILO

International Labour Organization

INGO

International non-governmental organisation

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

LABS

Livelihood Advancement Business School

NGO

Non-governmental organisation

TVET

Technical and vocational education and training

YEE/YES

Youth Economic Empowerment / Youth Economic Solutions

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

WWF

World Wildlife Fund

!3

Green Skills for Rural Youth in South East Asia The Research Base

1. Key Messages

Green Skills can be understood as the knowledge and skills needed to live and work in an environmentally responsible way, and to deal with the impacts of climate change.

Green jobs are jobs that contribute to preserving or restoring the sustainable environment, or dealing with the impacts of climate change.

Across all countries of study, the sectors with the most potential for generating green jobs are: Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Energy; Services; and Construction.

For many students, working in an environmentally responsible