COAL Hard Facts Contents 04 Coal benefits all Australians 16 Coal provides reliable and affordable power 18 Cars = coal 20 Lignite: new opportunities for old faithful 22 The long view for Victorian coal 23 Ending energy poverty: the facts 27 What would it take to replace fossil fuels? 30 Developing economies will drive robust coal demands for decades 33 Has China’s coal demand peaked? 35 More renewables and more coal: India 36 Australia has ‘substantial high-quality coal resources’ 38 The divestment deception 41 Australia does not have to choose between coal and a low emissions future 44 5 myths about coal 48 Endnotes
41,100 Direct employment in the coal industry
ELECTRICITY Grid electricity in Australia provided by black and brown coal
Paid in 2013–14 by the coal industry
EXPORT VOLUME Australia’s projected increase in coal export volume between 2015–2020
$37.8b COMPANY TAX & ROYALTIES
Paid by the coal industry between 2007–08 and 2013–14
Effective rate of government assistance to all mining
Coal has averaged more than 13 per cent of Australia’s total exports over the last five years
Proposed coal mine developments
The primary destination for Australia’s coal exports in 2014
CO2 reduction from highefficiency, low-emissions coal power plants
CO2 reduction from carbon capture and storage
INDUSTRY FUND Total committed to date to the COAL21 fund supporting low emissions technologies
CO2 REDUCTION WITH HELE
CO2 REDUCTION WITH CCS
Minerals Council of Australia
COAL BENEFITS ALL AUSTRALIANS AUSTRALIA IS FORTUNATE TO BE RICHLY ENDOWED WITH A COMMODITY THAT IS INDISPENSABLE TO MODERN LIFE: COAL.
Thermal coal fuels 41 per cent of global electricity generation because it is reliable and affordable.1 Metallurgical coal is an essential ingredient in the manufacture of steel. Australia has the fourth-largest share of coal reserves in the world (Chart 1). Australia has more than 100 years of production for black coal and approximately 465 years for lignite (brown coal).2 Coal benefits all Australians through its contribution to exports, wages, investment and tax revenue. It is Australia’s comparative advantage in coal – together with iron ore – that has helped to sustain the longest period of continuous economic growth in the nation’s history. Notwithstanding a cyclical downturn in prices, developing economies – particularly in Asia – will continue to drive robust coal demand for decades to come.
Coal Hard Facts – 2nd Edition
National shares of proven world coal reserves (December 2014)3 Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2015
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