Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy

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Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy A Harvard Kennedy School Student Publication

Support the Journal The Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy (ISSN# 1081-0463) is the second-oldest student-run review published annually by the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. An annual subscription is $20 for individuals and $40 for libraries and institutions. Additional copies of past volumes may be available for $20 each from the Subscriptions Department, Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy, 79 JFK Street, Cambridge, MA 02138.

Donations provided in support of the Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy are tax-deductible as a nonprofit gift under the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University’s IRS 501(c) (3) status. Please specify intent. Send address changes to: Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy 79 JFK Street Cambridge, MA 02138 Or by e-mail to [email protected]

Copyright The Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy does not accept responsibility for the views expressed by individual authors. No part of the publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form without the expressed written consent of the editors of the Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy.

© 2018 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved. Except as otherwise specified, no article or portion herein is to be reproduced or adapted to other works without the expressed written consent of the editors of the Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy.

Cover Art: No one is just “black”. “Blackness”, however you define it, confers multitudes. It comes with intersecting identities, artful code-switching, overlapping cultures, and conflicting allegiances. It embodies complexity. And this image attempts to capture the myriad of distinctions that drive that complex reality. Every black person is different. They come in various sizes, shapes, personalities and ideologies. They are a vast array of mosaic facets informing a complete and whole identity not capable of being understood monolithically. Though in each person “blackness” does quite certainly reside, it cannot, should not and will not wholly define those individuals. —Cortney Robinson, Facets. ii

Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy

Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy

2017-18 Volume

Editorial Staff Aaron Francis Editor-in-Chief Demarquin Johnsons Managing Editor Akina Younge Associate Editor Amyra Asamoah Associate Editor Ian Abbott Associate Editor

Acknowledgements Douglas Elmendorf, Dean of the John F. Kennedy School of Government Debra Isaacson, Senior Associate Dean for Degree Programs and Student Affairs Richard Parker, Faculty Advisor Martha Foley, Publisher Sarah Abrams, Copy Editor Liliana Ballesteros, Graphic and Layout Designer Deloris Wilson, Alumni Advisor Derecka Purnell, Alumni Advisor

iv

Harvard Kennedy School Journal of African American Public Policy

Table of Contents 2 5

Editor’s Note

7

Running While Black

11

Your National Anthem Clint Smith

Demarquin Johnson

Black and Food Insecure: Unpacking the Intersection of Race and Class

43

Life as a Black Woman Brianna Kennedy

In League: A Critical Review of the National Football League’s Domestic Violence Policy and Toxic Black Masculinity Isis Freeman

Left Out”: 51 “Being Black Women in the Law

in the U.S. and Australia and the Effect on Black American Women’s Psyche

Marlysa D. Gamblin

25

Callously Colorblind: A Critique of ColorNeutral Policies Through the Len