HISTORIC CONTEXT STATEMENT CARMEL-BY-THE ... - City of Carmel

These early buildings were usually constructed of adobe with tule roofs. Later, a larger church, larger living quarter and store houses were built of brick or stone.
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HISTORIC CONTEXT STATEMENT CARMEL-BY-THE-SEA

Prepared For The City of Carmel-by-the-Sea By Teresa Grimes and Leslie Heumann Leslie Heumann and Associates September 1994

Revised By Glory Anne Laffey Archives & Architecture May 31, 1996 Adopted January 7, 1997

Updated By Architectural Resources Group, Inc.

Adopted by City Council September 9, 2008 Certified by the California Coastal Commission November 12, 2008

TABLE OF CONTENTS

0.0 Preamble. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . .

4

1.0 Introduction 1.1 The Historic Context Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Location and Boundaries of Carmel-by-the-Sea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Community Character and Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Overview of Themes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 Gender and Ethnicity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 5 5 5 6

2.0 Prehistory and Hispanic Settlement (1542-1846) 2.1 The Original Inhabitants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 Early European Exploration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3 Hispanic Settlement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4 Associated Property Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.1 Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.2 Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.3 Significance ……….. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . …….. . . . . . . .

7 7 8 10 10 11 11

3.0 Economic Development (1846-1965) 3.1 Early Agriculture and Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.1 Ranching and Farming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.2 Whaling and Fishing Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1.3 Extractive Industries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Business and Tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 Real Estate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.2 Ocean Avenue Business District . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.3 Tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4 Associated Resource Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4.1 Identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4.2 Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4.3 Significance …... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12 12 13 14 15 15 19 22 24 25 25 25 27

4.0 Government, Civic and Social Institutions (1903-1965) 4.1 Civic Development and Incorporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2 Public Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.1 Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.2 Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.3 Health Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.4 Fire and Police Departments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Educational and Religious Institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Social and Recreational Institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5 Associated Resource Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .